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Assessing The Genitalia and Rectum

Assessing The Genitalia and Rectum

Assessing The Genitalia and Rectum

For this assignment, you will analyze an Episodic note case study that describes abnormal findings in patients seen in a clinical setting. You will consider what history should be collected from the patients, as well as which physical exams and diagnostic tests should be conducted. You will also formulate a differential diagnosis with several possible conditions. Please remember to pretend that this is an actual patient and gives as much detail as possible!

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Week 10: Special Examinations—Breast, Genital, Prostate, and Rectal GENITALIA ASSESSMENT

Subjective: • CC: “I have bumps on my bottom that I want to have checked out.” • HPI: AB, a 21-year-old WF college student reports to your clinic with external bumps on her genital area. She states the bumps are painless and feel rough. She states she is sexually active and has had more than one partner during the past year. Her initial sexual contact occurred at age 18. She reports no abnormal vaginal discharge. She is unsure how long the bumps have been there but noticed them about a week ago. Her last Pap smear exam was 3 years ago, and no dysplasia was found; the exam results were normal. She reports one sexually transmitted infection (chlamydia) about 2 years ago. She completed the treatment for chlamydia as prescribed.

• PMH: Asthma •

Medications: Symbicort 160/4.5mcg •

Allergies: NKDA •

FH: No hx of breast or cervical cancer, Father hx HTN, Mother hx HTN, GERD •

Social: Denies tobacco use; occasional etoh, married, 3 children (1 girl, 2 boys)

Objective: • VS: Temp 98.6; BP 120/86; RR 16; P 92; HT 5’10”; WT 169lbs •

Heart: RRR, no murmurs • Lungs: CTA, chest wall symmetrical • Genital: Normal female hair pattern distribution; no masses or swelling. Urethral meatus intact without erythema or discharge. Perineum intact. Vaginal mucosa pink and moist with rugae present, pos for firm, round, small, painless ulcer noted on external labia • Abd: soft, normoactive bowel sounds, neg rebound, neg murphy’s, negMcBurney •

Diagnostics: HSV specimen obtained

Assessment: • Chancre

 

Patients are frequently uncomfortable discussing with healthcare professional’s issues that involve the genitalia and rectum; however, gathering an adequate history and properly conducting a physical exam are vital. Examining case studies of genital and rectal abnormalities can help prepare advanced practice nurses to accurately assess patients with problems in these areas. Assessing The Genitalia and Rectum

In this Lab Assignment, you will analyze an Episodic note case study that describes abnormal findings in patients seen in a clinical setting. You will consider what history should be collected from the patients, as well as which physical exams and diagnostic tests should be conducted. You will also formulate a differential diagnosis with several possible conditions.

To Prepare

  • Review the Episodic note case study your instructor provides you for this week’s Assignment. Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your Episodic note case study.
  • Based on the Episodic note case study:
    • Review this week’s Learning Resources, and consider the insights they provide about the case study. Refer to Chapter 3 of the Sullivan resource to guide you as you complete your Lab Assignment.
    • Search the Walden library or the Internet for evidence-based resources to support your answers to the questions provided.
    • Consider what history would be necessary to collect from the patient in the case study.
    • Consider what physical exams and diagnostic tests would be appropriate to gather more information about the patient’s condition. How would the results be used to make a diagnosis?
    • Identify at least five possible conditions that may be considered in a differential diagnosis for the patient.

The Lab Assignment

Using evidence-based resources from your search, answer the following questions and support your answers using current evidence from the literature.

  • Analyze the subjective portion of the note. List additional information that should be included in the documentation.
  • Analyze the objective portion of the note. List additional information that should be included in the documentation.
  • Is the assessment supported by the subjective and objective information? Why or why not?
  • Would diagnostics be appropriate for this case, and how would the results be used to make a diagnosis?
  • Would you reject/accept the current diagnosis? Why or why not? Identify three possible conditions that may be considered as a differential diagnosis for this patient. Explain your reasoning using at least three different references from current evidence-based literature.

ZERO PLAGIARISM

FIVE REFERENCES NOT MORE THAN FIVE YEARS

PLEASE PAY ATTENTION TO THE CASE STUDY ON THE TOP

  • attachment

    SOAPTEMPLETE.docx

    Comprehensive SOAP Template

     

    Patient Initials: _______ Age: _______ Gender: _______

     

    Note: The mnemonic below is included for your reference and should be removed before the submission of your final note.

    O = onset of symptom (acute/gradual)

    L= location

    D= duration (recent/chronic)

    C= character

    A= associated symptoms/aggravating factors

    R= relieving factors

    T= treatments previously tried – response? Why discontinued?

    S= severity

     

    SUBJECTIVE DATA: Include what the patient tells you, but organize the information.

     

    Chief Complaint (CC): In just a few words, explain why the patient came to the clinic.

     

    History of Present Illness (HPI): This is the symptom analysis section of your note. Thorough documentation in this section is essential for patient care, coding, and billing analysis. Paint a picture of what is wrong with the patient. You need to start EVERY HPI with age, race, and gender (i.e. 34-year-old AA male). You must include the 7 attributes of each principal symptom:

    1. Location

    2. Quality

    3. Quantity or severity

    4. Timing, including onset, duration, and frequency

    5. Setting in which it occurs

    6. Factors that have aggravated or relieved the symptom

    7. Associated manifestations

     

    Medications: Include over the counter, vitamin, and herbal supplements. List each one by name with dosage and frequency.

     

    Allergies: Include specific reactions to medications, foods, insects, and environmental factors.

     

    Past Medical History (PMH): Include illnesses (also childhood illnesses), hospitalizations, and risky sexual behaviors.

     

    Past Surgical History (PSH): Include dates, indications, and types of operations.

     

    Sexual/Reproductive History: If applicable, include obstetric history, menstrual history, methods of contraception, and sexual function.

     

    Personal/Social History: Include tobacco use, alcohol use, drug use, patient’s interests, ADL’s and IADL’s if applicable, and exercise and eating habits.

     

    Immunization History: Include last Tdp, Flu, pneumonia, etc.

     

    Significant Family History: Include history of parents, Grandparents, siblings, and children.

     

    Lifestyle: Include cultural factors, economic factors, safety, and support systems.

     

    Review of Systems: From head-to-toe, include each system that covers the Chief Complaint, History of Present Illness, and History (this includes the systems that address any previous diagnoses). Remember that the information you include in this section is based on what the patient tells you. You do not need to do them all unless you are doing a total H&P. To ensure that you include all essentials in your case, refer to Chapter 2 of the Sullivan text. Assessing The Genitalia and Rectum

     

    General: Include any recent weight changes, weakness, fatigue, or fever, but do not restate HPI data here.

    HEENT:

    Neck:

    Breasts:

    Respiratory:

    Cardiovascular/Peripheral Vascular:

    Gastrointestinal:

    Genitourinary:

    Musculoskeletal:

    Psychiatric:

    Neurological:

    Skin: Include rashes, lumps, sores, itching, dryness, changes, etc.

    Hematologic:

    Endocrine:

    Allergic/Immunologic:

     

    OBJECTIVE DATA: From head-to-toe, include what you see, hear, and feel when doing your physical exam. You only need to examine the systems that are pertinent to the CC, HPI, and History unless you are doing a total H&P. Do not use WNL or normal. You must describe what you see.

     

    Physical Exam:

    Vital signs: Include vital signs, ht, wt, and BMI.

    General: Include general state of health, posture, motor activity, and gait. This may also include dress, grooming, hygiene, odors of body or breath, facial expression, manner, level of conscience, and affect and reactions to people and things.

    HEENT:

    Neck:

    Chest/Lungs: Always include this in your PE.

    Heart/Peripheral Vascular: Always include the heart in your PE.

    Abdomen:

    Genital/Rectal:

    Musculoskeletal:

    Neurological:

    Skin:

     

    ASSESSMENT: List your priority diagnosis(es). For each priority diagnosis, list at least 3 differential diagnoses, each of which must be supported with evidence and guidelines. Include any labs, x-rays, or other diagnostics that are needed to develop the differential diagnoses. For holistic care, you need to include previous diagnoses and indicate whether these are controlled or not controlled. These should also be included in your treatment plan.

     

    PLAN: This section is not required for the assignments in this course (NURS 6512), but will be required for future courses.

     

    Treatment Plan: If applicable, include both pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies, alternative therapies, follow-up recommendations, referrals, consultations, and any additional labs, x-ray, or other diagnostics. Support the treatment plan with evidence and guidelines.

     

    Health Promotion: Include exercise, diet, and safety recommendations, as well as any other health promotion strategies for the patient/family. Support the health promotion recommendations and strategies with evidence and guidelines.

     

    Disease Prevention: As appropriate for the patient’s age, include disease prevention recommendations and strategies such as fasting lipid profile, mammography, colonoscopy, immunizations, etc. Support the disease prevention recommendations and strategies with evidence and guidelines. Assessing The Genitalia and Rectum

     

    REFLECTION: Reflect on your clinical experience and consider the following questions: What did you learn from this experience? What would you do differently? Do you agree with your preceptor based on the evidence?

     

     

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