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Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

The goal of this discussion is to practice the application of dealing with unfinished business using the principles of Gestalt. (Foundational Knowledge & Application)

(1) How can unfinished business from the past affect current functioning?

(2) Describe unfinished business in your life that has a significant influence on you today. How might Gestalt methods work for you in these areas?

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Complete a one (1) page paper from the top of the paper to end. reflecting on the following question: The essay must be 1 full page in length. Make this personal.

This is a psychotherapy course. Based on a therapist works and skills.

Give specific and personal examples

Your paper must include reflection and application of the course material for this chapter. If references are used, citations should be written in APA format

Formatting Requirements:

• Margins – 1 Inch

• Font – Times New Roman, (12pt)

• Spacing – Double

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    TheoryandPracticeofCounselingandPsychotherapy10thEdition.pdf

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    Engaged with you. www.cengage.com

    Source Code: 14M-AA0105

    Tap into engagement MindTap empowers you to produce your best work—consistently.

    MindTap is designed to help you master the material. Interactive videos, animations, and activities create a learning path designed by your instructor to guide you through the course and focus on what’s important.

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    MindTap delivers real-world activities and assignments

    that will help you in your academic life as well as your career.

    Flashcards

    readspeaker

    progress app

    MyNotes & highlights

    selF QuizziNg & practice

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    Theories at-a-Glance The tables in this book compare theories over a range of topics, thereby providing you with the ability to easily compare, contrast, and grasp the practical aspects of each theory. These tables also serve as invaluable resources that can be used to review the key concepts, philoso- phies, limitations, contributions to multicultural counseling, applications, techniques, and goals of all theories in this text.

    The following chart provides a convenient guide to the tables in this text.

    Pages

    6 –7 Table 1.1 Overview of Contemporary Counseling Models

    62– 63 Table 4.1 Ego-Defense Mechanisms

    65– 66 Table 4.2 Comparison of Freud’s Psychosexual Stages and Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages

    432 Table 15.1 The Basic Philosophies

    433– 434 Table 15.2 Key Concepts

    438 Table 15.3 Goals of Therapy

    441– 442 Table 15.4 The Therapeutic Relationship

    443– 444 Table 15.5 Techniques of Therapy

    444– 445 Table 15.6 Applications of the Approaches

    446 Table 15.7 Contributions to Multicultural Counseling

    447 Table 15.8 Limitations in Multicultural Counseling

    448– 449 Table 15.9 Contributions of the Approaches

    449– 450 Table 15.10 Limitations of the Approaches

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    Overview of Focus Questions for the Theories For the chapters dealing with the different theories, you will have a basic understand- ing of this book if you can answer the following questions as they apply to each of the eleven theories:

    Who are the key figures (founder or founders) associated with the approach?

    What are some of the basic assumptions underlying this approach?

    What are a few of the key concepts that are essential to this theory?

    What do you consider to be the most important goals of this therapy?

    What is the role the therapeutic relationship plays in terms of therapy outcomes?

    What are a few of the techniques from this therapy model that you would want to incorporate into your counseling practice?

    What are some of the ways that this theory is applied to client populations, settings, and treat- ment of problems?

    What do you see as the major strength of this theory from a diversity perspective?

    What do you see as the major shortcoming of this theory from a diversity perspective?

    What do you consider to be the most significant contribution of this approach?

    What do you consider to be the most significant limitation of this approach?

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    Australia • Brazil • Mexico • Singapore • United Kingdom • United States

    Gerald Corey California State University, Fullerton Diplomate in Counseling Psychology,

    American Board of Professional Psychology

    Theory and PracTice of counseling and

    PsychoTheraPy Tenth Edition

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    Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the eBook version.

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    Printed in the United States of America

    Print Number: 01 Print Year: 2015

    © 2017, 2013, Cengage Learning

    ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored, or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, scanning, digitizing, taping, Web distribution, information networks, or information storage and retrieval systems, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

    Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, Tenth Edition Gerald Corey

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    Library of Congress Control Number: 2015948206

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    To the founders and key figures of the theories presented

    in this book—with appreciation for their contributions

    to contemporary counseling practice.

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    iv

    abouT The auThor

    gerald corey is Professor Emeritus of Human Services and Counseling at California State University at Fullerton. He received his doctorate in counseling from the University of Southern California. He is a Diplomate in Counseling Psy- chology, American Board of Professional Psychology; a licensed psychologist; and a National Certified Counselor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Associa- tion (Division 17, Counseling Psychology; and Division 49, Group Psychotherapy); a Fellow of the American Counseling Association; and a Fellow of the Association for Specialists in Group Work. He also holds memberships in the American Group Psychotherapy Association; the American Mental Health Counselors Association; the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling; the Asso- ciation for Counselor Education and Supervision; and the Western Association of Counselor Education and Supervision. Both Jerry and Marianne Corey received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Mental Health Counselors Associ- ation in 2011, and both of them received the Eminent Career Award from ASGW in 2001. Jerry was given the Outstanding Professor of the Year Award from California State University at Fullerton in 1991. He regularly teaches both undergraduate and graduate courses in group counseling and ethics in counseling. He is the author or coauthor of 15 textbooks in counseling currently in print, along with more than 60 journal articles and book chapters. Several of his books have been translated into other languages. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy has been trans- lated into Arabic, Indonesian, Portuguese, Turkish, Korean, and Chinese. Theory and Practice of Group Counseling has been translated into Korean, Chinese, Spanish, and Russian. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions has been translated into Korean, Japanese, and Chinese. Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

    In the past 40 years Jerry and Marianne Corey have conducted group counsel- ing training workshops for mental health professionals at many universities in the United States as well as in Canada, Mexico, China, Hong Kong, Korea, Germany, Belgium, Scotland, England, and Ireland. In his leisure time, Jerry likes to travel, hike and bicycle in the mountains, and drive his 1931 Model A Ford. Marianne and Jerry have been married since 1964. They have two adult daughters, Heidi and Cindy, two granddaughters (Kyla and Keegan), and one grandson (Corey).

    Recent publications by Jerry Corey, all with Cengage Learning, include:

    �� Theory and Practice of Group Counseling, Ninth Edition (and Student Manual) (2016)

    �� Becoming a Helper, Seventh Edition (2016, with Marianne Schneider Corey)

    �� Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, Ninth Edition (2015, with Mari- anne Schneider Corey, Cindy Corey, and Patrick Callanan)

    �� Group Techniques, Fourth Edition (2015, with Marianne Schneider Corey, Patrick Callanan, and J. Michael Russell)

    �� Groups: Process and Practice, Ninth Edition (2014, with Marianne Schnei- der Corey and Cindy Corey)

    iv

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    v

    �� I Never Knew I Had a Choice, Tenth Edition (2014, with Marianne Schneider Corey)

    �� Case Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy, Eighth Edition (2013) �� The Art of Integrative Counseling, Third Edition (2013)

    Jerry Corey is coauthor (with Barbara Herlihy) of Boundary Issues in Counseling: Multiple Roles and Responsibilities, Third Edition (2015) and ACA Ethical Standards Case- book, Seventh Edition (2015); he is coauthor (with Robert Haynes, Patrice Moulton, and Michelle Muratori) of Clinical Supervision in the Helping Professions: A Practical Guide, Second Edition (2010); he is the author of Creating Your Professional Path: Les- sons From My Journey (2010). All four of these books are published by the American Counseling Association.

    He has also made several educational DVD programs on various aspects of counseling practice: (1) Ethics in Action: DVD and Workbook (2015, with Marianne Schneider Corey and Robert Haynes); (2) Groups in Action: Evolution and Challenges DVD and Workbook (2014, with Marianne Schneider Corey and Robert Haynes); (3) DVD for Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy: The Case of Stan and Lecturettes (2013); (4) DVD for Integrative Counseling: The Case of Ruth and Lecturettes (2013, with Robert Haynes); and (5) DVD for Theory and Practice of Group Counseling (2012). All of these programs are available through Cengage Learning.

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    Preface xi

    P A R T 1

    BASIC ISSUES IN COUNSELING PRACTICE

    1 Introduction and Overview 1 introduction 2 Where I Stand 3 Suggestions for Using the Book 5 Overview of the Theory Chapters 6 Introduction to the Case of Stan 9 Introduction to the Case of Gwen 13

    2 The Counselor: Person and Professional 17

    introduction 18 The Counselor as a Therapeutic Person 18 Personal Therapy for the Counselor 20 The Counselor’s Values and the Therapeutic Process 22 Becoming an Effective Multicultural Counselor 25 Issues Faced by Beginning Therapists 28 Summary 35

    3 Ethical Issues in Counseling Practice 37

    introduction 38 Putting Clients’ Needs Before Your Own 38 Ethical Decision Making 39 The Right of Informed Consent 41 Dimensions of Confidentiality 42 Ethical Issues From a Multicultural Perspective 43 Ethical Issues in the Assessment Process 45 Ethical Aspects of Evidence-Based Practice 48 Managing Multiple Relationships in Counseling Practice 49 Becoming an Ethical Counselor 52 Summary 53

    Where to Go From Here 53 Recommended Supplementary Readings for Part 1 54

    P A R T 2

    THEORIES AND TECHNIQUES OF COUNSELING

    4 Psychoanalytic Therapy 57 introduction 58 Key Concepts 59 The Therapeutic Process 66 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 72 Jung’s Perspective on the Development of Personality 77 Contemporary Trends: Object-Relations Theory, Self Psychology, and Relational Psychoanalysis 79 Psychoanalytic Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 84 Psychoanalytic Therapy applied to the case of stan 85 Psychoanalytic Therapy applied to the case of gwen 87 Summary and Evaluation 89 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 92 Where to Go From Here 92 Recommended Supplementary Readings 93

    5 Adlerian Therapy 95 introduction 98 Key Concepts 98 The Therapeutic Process 104 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 108 Adlerian Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 119 adlerian Therapy applied to the case of stan 121 adlerian Therapy applied to the case of gwen 122

    Contents

    vii

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    viii C o n t e n t s

    Summary and Evaluation 124 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 126 Where to Go From Here 127 Recommended Supplementary Readings 128

    6 Existential Therapy 129 introduction 132 Key Concepts 137 The Therapeutic Process 146 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 149 Existential Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 153 existential Therapy applied to the case of stan 155 existential Therapy applied to the case of gwen 156 Summary and Evaluation 157 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 160 Where to Go From Here 160 Recommended Supplementary Readings 162

    7 Person-Centered Therapy 163 introduction 165 Key Concepts 170 The Therapeutic Process 171 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 176 Person-Centered Expressive Arts Therapy 180 Motivational Interviewing 182 Person-Centered Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 184 Person-centered Therapy applied to the case of stan 186 Person-centered Therapy applied to the case of gwen 187 Summary and Evaluation 190 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 193 Where to Go From Here 193 Recommended Supplementary Readings 195

    8 Gestalt Therapy 197 introduction 199 Key Concepts 200 The Therapeutic Process 206

    Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 211 Gestalt Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 220 gestalt Therapy applied to the case of stan 221 gestalt Therapy applied to the case of gwen 223 Summary and Evaluation 224 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 227 Where to Go From Here 227 Recommended Supplementary Readings 229

    9 Behavior Therapy 231 introduction 233 Key Concepts 236 The Therapeutic Process 238 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 240 Behavior Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 258 behavior Therapy applied to the case of stan 259 behavior Therapy applied to the case of gwen 260 Summary and Evaluation 262 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 265 Where to Go From Here 266 Recommended Supplementary Readings 267

    10 Cognitive Behavior Therapy 269 introduction 270 Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy 270 Key Concepts 272 The Therapeutic Process 273 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 275 Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Therapy 281 Christine Padesky and Kathleen Mooney’s Strengths-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 289 Donald Meichenbaum’s Cognitive Behavior Modification 293 Cognitive Behavior Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 298 cognitive behavior Therapy applied to the case of stan 300 cognitive behavior Therapy applied to the case of gwen 302 Summary and Evaluation 303

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    C o n t e n t s ix

    Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 307 Where to Go From Here 308 Recommended Supplementary Readings 310

    11 Choice Theory/Reality Therapy 311

    introduction 313 Key Concepts 314 The Therapeutic Process 318 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 320 Choice Theory/Reality Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 327 reality Therapy applied to the case of stan 329 reality Therapy applied to the case of gwen 331 Summary and Evaluation 332 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 334 Where to Go From Here 334 Recommended Supplementary Readings 336

    12 Feminist Therapy 337 introduction 339 Key Concepts 341 The Therapeutic Process 345 Application: Therapeutic Techniques and Procedures 348 Feminist Therapy From a Multicultural and Social Justice Perspective 354 feminist Therapy applied to the case of stan 355 feminist Therapy applied to the case of gwen 357 Summary and Evaluation 360 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 364 Where to Go From Here 364 Recommended Supplementary Readings 366

    13 Postmodern Approaches 367 Some Contemporary Founders of Postmodern Therapies 368 Introduction to Social Constructionism 368 Solution-Focused Brief Therapy 371 Narrative Therapy 382 Postmodern Approaches From a Multicultural Perspective 390 Postmodern approaches applied to the case of stan 392

    Postmodern approaches applied to the case of gwen 394 Summary and Evaluation 396 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 398 Where to Go From Here 399 Recommended Supplementary Readings 400

    14 Family Systems Therapy 403 introduction 404 Development of Family Systems Therapy 406 A Multilayered Process of Family Therapy 409 Family Systems Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 415 family Therapy applied to the case of stan 417 family Therapy applied to the case of gwen 420 Summary and Evaluation 422 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 424 Where to Go From Here 424 Recommended Supplementary Readings 425

    P A R T 3

    INTEGRATION AND APPLICATION

    15 An Integrative Perspective 427 introduction 428 The Movement Toward Psychotherapy Integration 428 Issues Related to the Therapeutic Process 437 The Place of Techniques and Evaluation in Counseling 443 an integrative approach applied to the case of stan 452 an integrative approach applied to the case of gwen 455 Summary 456 Concluding Comments 457 Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 458 Where to Go From Here 458 Recommended Supplementary Readings 459

    references and suggested readings 461

    name index 481

    subject index 485

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    Preface to Tenth Edition

    T his book is intended for counseling courses for undergraduate and graduate students in psychology, counselor education, human services, and the mental health professions. It surveys the major concepts and practices of the contemporary therapeutic systems and addresses some ethical and professional issues in counsel- ing practice. The book aims to teach students to select wisely from various theories and techniques and to begin to develop a personal style of counseling. Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

    I have found that students appreciate an overview of the divergent contempo- rary approaches to counseling and psychotherapy. They also consistently say that the first course in counseling means more to them when it deals with them person- ally. Therefore, I stress the practical applications of the material and encourage per- sonal reflection. Using this book can be both a personal and an academic learning experience.

    In this tenth edition, every effort has been made to retain the major qualities that students and professors have found useful in the previous editions: the succinct overview of the key concepts of each theory and their implications for practice, the straightforward and personal style, and the book’s comprehensive scope. Care has been taken to present the theories in an accurate and fair way. I have attempted to be simple, clear, and concise. Because many students want suggestions for supple- mentary reading as they study each therapy approach, I have included an updated reading list at the end of each chapter and a list of references for each chapter at the end of the book.

    This tenth edition updates the material and refines existing discussions. Part 1 deals with issues that are basic to the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. Chapter 1 puts the book into perspective, then students are introduced to the counselor—as a person and a professional—in Chapter 2. This chapter addresses a number of topics pertaining to the role of the counselor as a person and the ther- apeutic relationship. Chapter 3 introduces students to some key ethical issues in counseling practice, and several of the topics in this chapter have been updated and expanded. Expanded coverage is given to the ACA’s 2014 Code of Ethics.

    Part 2 is devoted to a consideration of 11 theories of counseling. Each of the theory chapters follows a common organizational pattern, and students can easily compare and contrast the various models. This pattern includes core topics such as key concepts, the therapeutic process, therapeutic techniques and procedures, mul- ticultural perspectives, the theory applied to the case of Stan and new to this edition to the case of Gwen, and summary and evaluation. In this tenth edition, each of the chapters in Part 2 has been revised, updated, and expanded to reflect recent trends, and references have been updated as well. Revisions were based on the recommenda- tions of experts in each theory, all of whom are listed in the Acknowledgments sec- tion. Attention was given to current trends and recent developments in the practice of each theoretical approach. Foundational Knowledge & Application Paper

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