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PHL1010 Assignment: Critical Thinking

PHL1010 Assignment: Critical Thinking

PHL1010 Assignment: Critical Thinking




  Lower order thinking



  Intellectual arrogance



  Intellectual humility



  Intellectual courage



  Intellectual cowardice



  Intellectual self-centeredness



  Intellectual integrity



  Intellectual hypocrisy



  Intellectual perseverance



  Intellectual laziness



  Intellectual confidence in reason



  Intellectual distrust of reason





  Intellectual autonomy



  Intellectual conformity


A. The art of thinking about one’s thinking with the goal of improving thinking
B. The ability to push on in the face of intellectual adversity in order to understand more about the truth of an issue or idea
C. Awareness of the limits of human knowledge and a special focus on being aware of situations in which one is likely to be self-deceived due to native egocentrism
D. The willingness to face ideas and positions on issues that directly threaten our own ideas and beliefs
E. The tendency to passively accept the views of others and agree with mass positions on issues
F. The tendency to feel threatened by logical thinking and scientific explanation, often the result of fear or the pain involved in analyzing one’s beliefs
G. Thinking for oneself rather than uncritically accepting the views of others
H. The failure to hold oneself to the same intellectual standards that one holds others to
I. The fear of considering ideas that do not match our own
J. The tendency to give up the search for truth or understanding when difficult circumstances arise
K. Striving to create disciplined thinking as well as holding oneself to the same standards that one holds others to
L. The tendency of the human mind to think that it knows more than it does, or that is in possession of the TRUTH
M. The tendency to think that the world is a better place when people learn to think for themselves, when they draw reasonable conclusions, and when they think logically
N. The tendency to ignore other people’s ideas, thoughts, and feelings because their ideas do not address that in which one is interested
O. The tendency to rely on unreflective intuition that is largely self-serving and self-deceived






Question 2

1. Please identify at least two of the intellectual virtues, and describe the differences between the virtues and their corresponding vices. From your own experience, present an example of the virtue or vice from each of the pairs you explain.


Your response should be at least 200 words in length.


Question 3

1. Define critical thinking, and contrast this definition with the ways that humans naturally think. Explain at least two ways that you could become a better critic of your own thinking.


Your response should be at least 200 words in length.





Question 6

1. Give your own best definition of information, and explain the difference between data and information. Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Question 7

1. Explain why businesses develop information systems. Also, point out some of the wrong reasons businesses sometimes cite for developing information systems and support your answer with examples. Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

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