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PSYC 303 Week 8 Final Exam and Answers

PSYC 303 Week 8 Final Exam and Answers

PSYC 303 Week 8 Final Exam and Answers

Question 1 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points

The founder of the first laboratory of scientific psychology was                .

A. Franciscus Donders

B. Hermann von Helmholtz

C. Wilhelm Wundt

D. Hermann Ebbinghaus

Question 2 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points The procedure in which trained participants describe their experience and thought processes in response to stimuli presented under controlled conditions is known as:

A.information processing

B.analytic introspection

C.functional analysis

D.behavioral analysis

Question 3 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points

John Watson believed that psychology should focus on the study of                .

A.observable behavior

B.mental processes

C.consciousness

D.atention

Question 4 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points The sequence of steps that includes the image on the retina, changing the image into electrical signals, and neural processing is an example of             processing.

A.bottom-up

B.top-down

C.size constancy

D.perceptual organization

Question 5 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points Some perceptions result from assumptions we make about the enviornment that we are not even aware of. This theory of unconscious inference was developed by

A.Goldstein

B.Gestalt psychologists

C.Helmholtz

D.Gibson

Question 6 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points

Things that form patterns that are meaningful are likely to be grouped together according to the law of         .

A.simplicity   B.similarity   C.pragnanz

D.familiarity

Question 7 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points

A heuristic is a                      .

A.”rule of thumb” that provides a best-guess solution to a problem

B.procedure that is guaranteed to solve a problem

C.series of rules that specify how we organize parts into wholes

D. short algorithm

Question 8 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points

The study of the behavior of humans with brain damage is called                .

A. neuropsychology

B.functional localization

C.position emission tomography

D.the subtraction technique

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Question 9 of 30                                                                                                                                                       5.0/ 5.0 Points

Broadbent’s “filter model” proposes that the filter identifies the attended message based on

A.meaning

B.modality

C.physical characteristics

D.higher order characteristics

Question 10 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which stage in Treisman’s “attenuation model” has a threshold component?

A.The attenuator

B.The dictionary unit

C.The filter

D.The “leaky” filter

Question 11 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

The ability to pay attention to, or carry out, two or more different tasks simultaneously is known as

A.divided attention

B.dual attention

C.divergent tasking

D.selective attention

Question 12 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Controlled processing involves

A.close attention

B.ease in performing parallel tasks

C.overlearning of tasks

D.few cognitive resources

Question 13 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Scene schema is                           .

A.rapid movements of the eyes from one place to another in a scene

B.short pauses of the eyes on points on interest in a scene

C.how attention is distributed throughout a static scene

D.knowledge about what is contained in a typical scene

Question 14 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

The three structural components of the modal model of memory are:   A.receptors, occipital lobe, temporal lobe

B.receptors, temporal lobe, frontal lobe

C.sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory

D.sensory memory, iconic memory, rehearsal

Question 15 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

The inability to assimilate or retain new knowledge is known

A. anterograde amnesia

B.retrograde amnesia

C.the primacy effect

D.the serial effect

Question 16 of 30                                                                                                                                                     0.0/ 5.0 Points

Memory enhancement due to repetition priming is a result of

A.the test stimulus being the same or resembling the priming stimulus

B.the test stimulus being different from the priming stimulus

C.the test stimulus being similar in meaning to the priming stimulus

D.the test stimulus being different in meaning from the priming stimulus

Question 17 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Acquiring information and transforming it into memory is           .

A.state-dependent learning

B.encoding

C.memory consolidation

D.transfer-appropriate processing

Question 18 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to the levels of processing theory, memory durability depends on how information is                      .

A.encoded

B.stored

C.retrieved

D.all of the above

Question 19 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Autobiographical memory research shows that a person’s brain is more extensively activated when viewing photos.

A.the person has seen before

B.of familiar places

C.of places they took themselves

D.the person has never seen before

Question 20 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points The idea that we remember life events better because we encounter the information over and over in what we read, see on TV, and talk about with other people is called the

A.narrative rehearsal hypothesis

B.cognitive hypothesis

C.life-narrative hypothesis

D.reminiscence hypothesis

Question 21 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

A                is a mental representation used for variety of cognitive functions, including memory, reasoning, and using and understanding language

A.exemplar

B.concept

C.unit

D.prototype

Question 22 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

is an average representation of a category.

A. A prototype

B.An exemplar

C.A unit

D.A component

Question 23 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Items high on prototypicality  have family resemblances

A.no

B.weak

C.moderate

D.strong

Question 24 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Mental imagery involves                             .

A.experiencing a sensory impression in the absence of sensory input

B.mental representations of the current sensory inputs

C.sensory representations of a stimulus

D.all of these

Question 25 of 30                                                                                                                                                     5.0/ 5.0 Points

Imagery neurons respond to                      .

A.all visual images

B.only visual images in a specific category

C.visual images as well as objects in a specific category

D.all objects

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