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Social and Cultural Biases

Social and Cultural Biases

Social and Cultural Biases

What is social and Cultural biases  in your professional and personal life?


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    Social Cultural Diversities


    Institution affiliation:

    Divergence in the way of life between people who live together is referred to as cultural diversity. This is a concept where multiculturalism appears. Gender, religion, race and social economic status are some of the categories where biases are highly indicated. Diverse groups which have come together like in colleges, , and settlement areas, there is a high possibility of biases between the different categories of people.

    One of the biases I have had was a cognitive bias. The origin of the human race, where we came from and who created us was among my biases. I had a conclusion that we humans came from elsewhere in space and landed on earth where we inhabited (Abrams, 2009). This became my conclusion until I came to learn of all the theories of human origin.

    Being discriminated is one of the fears amongst many people mostly around my area. I once experienced discrimination when my fellow classmates used to make inappropriate jokes to me and my family due to poverty (Noon, 2018). Negative nicknames which made me feel rejected in the society. Being harassed by big students in my class was also among the discriminations I have ever experienced in my past.

    Being the only student from upcountry made my life very difficult in my high school life. During bet times, I was forced to take my rest as the last person due to bad behaviors of my roommates. Co-curricular activities were not on my favor as all the teammates did not want to interact with me. During meal times, (Abrams, 2009) I had to take my meal alone for no one ever wanted to get associated with me at any point. Being from upcountry made me be discriminated as my ethnic group was not well recognized in my country.

    For all the experiences I have undergone through, I cannot let anyone to have such experiences that I went through. Discriminating a person because of the cultures or race is one of the act I cannot try at any point. Treating people with the respect they require and loving them will always be noticeable in my entire life.

    Racism may happen in many places as it takes many forms. Discrimination, hatred or prejudice are kinds of racism that a person may experience because of color, ethnicity, religion, gender, physical and psychological disabilities, and origin among others. Harassment or acts of abuse are usually associated with racism but it does not involve violent behaviors (Noon, 2018). It can be revealed through the actions and attitudes of people but sometimes it cannot be indicated at all. It is not all about words, beliefs or actions but it also includes being excluded from certain public or common groups, activities because of where one comes from. Barriers that hinder people from enjoying equality and dignity due to race is also racism. Social and Cultural Biases

    A person who has a negative attitude toward a certain specific group of people is referred to a subtle racist. This person’s actions are very indirect and are really expressed through hints only. In the past years, black Americans have experienced racism in the country because of their dark color. In workplaces and even schools, cases have been reported of discrimination and even harassmentto the blacks. White’s rejected black’s in their churches hence they were forced to form their own religions. In the few past, in politics, leaders have always indicated racism in their politics.

    There have been indicated racism not only outside different ethnic groups but also in the same ethnic groups. People with special needs have Benn discriminated in workplaces and also in the local activities. Gender inequalities like men have specific tasks they can do that woman cannot do making women to be a minority group. Employers may discriminate certain people while allocating duties, benefits, training, and other activities. Harassment in the offices where an employer may use his powers to harass the employees (Noon, 2018). Allocation of duties as employees may be allocated minor duties which do not match with his or her line of employment. Some information requested during job application is somehow discriminative although, for some reasons, they are always for affirmative purposes.

    Cultural sensitivity is a vital requirement for a company or organization that is conducting business to different ethnic groups. If these cultures are ignored, the business may offend special and important clients (Smedley, 2005). A company that hires employees from the ethnic groups where they are conducting business indicate a great success in the region(s). Norms are to be followed in many ethnic groups hence if a company knows about them, it will successfully prosper. Using foreign language to conduct advertisements may have cultural relations problems for companies. Appreciation of foreign cultures, if not taken into consideration, can alienate the business from prospering as the local people will not have enough knowledge of the company’s supplies and services (Brah,1999).

    Verbal and non-verbal are two types of communication used across cultures. Almost all cultures use verbal communication but others like in Thailand, they rely much on non-verbal communication. It’s always wise to understand a culture’s customs and expectations related to direct and indirect forms of communication. For better and beneficial relationships, it’s crucial to orientate time allocated well. There are those cultures that do not beat around the bush and they emphasize a lot on the naked truth due to people’s feelings (Smedley, 2005). This kind of communication uses criticism and a confronting language while indirect communication values the idea of maintaining harmony and saving face. Personal space is highly expected to be observed across all cultures regardless if it is a social or a business setting.

    Every culture has its own set of rules which are followed during communication. This may be challenging while one wants to communicate across cultures. Measures to build a better rapport is challenging across cultures. For you to be successful, you need to learn and understand general measures to follow to create a better rapport. Choice of communication media, high context and low context, tone, sequential and synchronic, effectual and neutral are some of the procedures one needs to consider before starting a conversation. You need to understand and not make assumptions hence proper preparation is required (Hall, 1990). Resources like culture guides can be used to equip one with basics of certain ethnic groups or cultures. Cross-cultural management guides, country reports, and cultural quizzes are also good resources one can use to learn and understand better about certain cultures. Social and Cultural Biases

    Cultural bias is when a certain culture makes assumptions about another culture basing their arguments on their cultural practices (Brah, 1991). Traditional psychology is characterized by research and theoretical biases as they normally reflect mostly the culture of the United States and Europe. Researchers also tend to come from these backgrounds, yet their researches are referred to as a global description of human behavior. Maracek and Hare-Hustin suggested that before deciding if there exist cultural differences, one must consider the extent to which the theory or study is biased and that is the only moment the research has been proved to be valid (Hall, 1990).

    In the future, one is required to learn and understand the cultural diversity in which he or she wants to go and pay a visit. Addressing techniques should be well understood so as to be successful mostly in the business sector. Taking a good research of an ethnic group will probably help to achieve success during the visit and avoid embarrassment.


    Abrams, L. S., & Moio, J. A. (2009). Critical race theory and the cultural competence dilemma in social work education. Journal of Social Work Education45(2), 245-261.

    Brah, A. (1991). Difference, diversity, differentiation. International Review of Sociology2(2), 53-71.

    Hall, E. T., & Hall, M. R. (1990). Understanding cultural differences:[Germans, French and Americans] (Vol. 9). Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural press.

    Noon, M. (2018). Pointless diversity training: Unconscious bias, new racism and agency. Work, employment and society32(1), 198-209.

    Saraceno, C. (2001, May). Social exclusion: Cultural roots and diversities of a popular concept. In conference “Social exclusion and children”, at the Institute for Child and Family Policy, Columbia University, New York (pp. 3-4).

    Smedley, A., & Smedley, B. D. (2005). Race as biology is fiction, racism as a social problem is real: Anthropological and historical perspectives on the social construction of race. American Psychologist60(1), 16.

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    Social and Cultural Diversity Paper Instructions


    The Social and Cultural Diversity Paper (1,500 to 1,700 words) requires the student to identify and reflect on possible personal biases regarding gender, religion, sexual or gender orientation, race, socioeconomic status, disability status, or culture. In addition, a self-care plan is developed for the mental health and wellness provider. The purpose of this paper is to raise the student’s personal and professional level of awareness regarding the subject of diverse populations and how to prevent burnout and compassion fatigue as a mental health and wellness provider. Social and Cultural Biases

    Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

    This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

    You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

    Process Schedule

    The Social and Cultural Diversity Paper assignment will be accomplished in a four-step process, with individual steps submitted and graded regularly throughout the course, according to the following schedule:

    1) Outline (Due Topic 4)

    2) References (Due Topic 5)

    3) First Draft (Due Topic 7)

    4) Final Paper (Due Topic 8)

    Content Guidelines

    When constructing this paper, use a four-part structure according to the following guidelines:

    Part 1: Personal Reflection

    The first part of the paper requires you to identify information from your own personal history. Use the following questions to help guide your reflections:

    1. Identify your personal biases and how those biases may present challenges to you as a mental health professional. Remember, everyone has biases. The point is not to project them onto your clients.

    Note: It is preferred you discuss your cultural biases.

    2. Describe your personal history by documenting experiences with discrimination you may have experienced and how your cultural background impacted these experiences.

    3. Identify memories of contact with those who were culturally different than you, and your experiences associated with these differences. Be specific.

    4. How has your life experience affected how you may relate to persons different than you? Be specific.

    Part 2: Racism and Discrimination

    The second part of the paper requires you to demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of racism/discrimination. Use the following questions to help guide your reflections:

    1. Distinguish between stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.

    2. What does it mean to be a subtle racist? Please include a referenced definition and example.

    3. Why could there be significant differences in perceptions and values of members within the same ethnic group? Be specific.

    Part 3: Multicultural Competence

    The third part of your paper requires you to review and reflect on multicultural competence as a professional. Use the following to help guide your reflection:

    1. What did you learn about the importance of cultural sensitivity in providing professional services to clients?

    2. How do communication styles differ across cultures?

    3. How might strategies to build rapport be differentiated based on culture?

    4. What resources could help you to become more informed regarding cultural diversity? Cite resources you can use to dispel your personal biases.

    5. Provide an example of cultural bias in counseling/psychological research and support your answer with at least one scholarly reference.

    6. How could you apply your learning to your future practice as a mental health and wellness professional?

    Part 4: Self-Care for Providers

    The fourth part of your paper requires you to develop a self-care plan for the mental health and wellness provider. This is not for the client. Identify four different strategies for providers to use to mitigate burnout and compassion fatigue.

    1. Describe the factors associated with burnout and compassion fatigue. What are the symptoms?

    1. Describe why it is important to develop a self-care plan before burnout or compassion fatigue occurs.

    1. List and describe four different strategies to mitigate burnout or compassion fatigue.

    1. Conclude with why you selected the four strategies and how you think they will help you as a professional provider of mental health services.

    1. Use two to three resources to justify your descriptions and strategies for self-care.

    © 2016. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.


    © 2018. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

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