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Wellness Education Program Proposal Written Paper

Wellness Education Program Proposal Written Paper

Wellness Education Program Proposal Written Paper

Develop a 5–7-page proposal for a wellness education program for a specific population. Integrate aspects of culture, CAM and spirituality, and linguistics into the program. Explain how to market the program to the population, and explain the ethical, legal, and economic factors that can affect the health of the population.

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Preparation

Your team has succeeded in demonstrating the need for a health promotion and disease prevention initiative for the population identified by your Windshield Survey assessment. Now you need to develop a proposal for a wellness education program that will help bridge the gaps in health care service delivery.

Use the Capella library and the Internet to find scholarly and professional resources that will help you propose a wellness education program for the health concern of your population. Find at least four resources to use in this assessment. You may also want to review the previous assessments you completed in this course.

Requirements

Based on your Windshield Survey and Organizational Evaluation assessments, complete the following:

· Design an evidence-based wellness program to address the primary health concern of the population that integrates:

o Cultural considerations: Will you need to consult with someone from the population on how to approach the delivery of your program?

o CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spirituality considerations.

o Linguistic considerations: Will you need interpreters or translators for either written or oral presentations?

o Educational considerations: What will be the best way to educate the population?

· Describe how you will market or advertise the wellness program.

o What are the benefits the program offers the population?

o Will you need incentives to ensure participation and completion of the program?

· Explain the ethical, legal, and economic factors that impact the health and wellness of the population. For example:

o The ethical considerations (such as justice, non-malfeasance, and duty) that can affect preventative care and health promotion.

o Local laws, federal laws, and the Affordable Health Care Act that can affect preventative care and health promotion.

o The potential economic impact of clinical prevention and health promotion related to health disparities of your population.

The format for this assessment should be a professional proposal. If possible, ask about the format used for proposals in your organization and follow that. Follow APA formatting for your in-text citations and references.

Additional Requirements

· Include a title page and reference page. The completed assessment should be 5–7 pages in length, not including a title page and a reference page.

· Reference at least four current scholarly or professional resources.

· Use current APA format for citations and references.

· Use Times New Roman font, 12 point.

· Double space.

Attached is an example of a well graded paper for this assignment to use as a reference.

  • attachment

    cf_Exemplar_BSN-FP4010_Assessment_5.pdf

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 1

    Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

    Wellness Education Program Proposal

    Learner’s Name

    Capella University

    Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Vulnerable and Diverse Populations

    Wellness Education Program Proposal

    May, 2017

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 2

    Wellness Education Program Proposal

    I. Introduction

    In the United States, vulnerable populations such as Hispanics are more likely to face

    difficulties while accessing health care than less vulnerable populations. Many factors such as

    low income, lack of insurance, lack of education, and lack of English and Spanish language

    proficiency contribute to this disparity in accessing health care. This language barrier can prevent

    Hispanics from accessing important health education material and prevent health care workers

    from providing regular medical care. This proposal focuses on the importance of developing a

    wellness education program for health promotion and disease prevention among Hispanics.

    II. Problems and Needs

    To address the health care disparities, a holistic wellness education plan needs to be

    developed for Hispanics taking into consideration their affinity to complementary and

    alternative medicine (CAM) and spiritual care. It is also necessary to be aware of the positive

    and negative aspects of the ethical, legal, and economic principles of health promotion and

    disease prevention while developing the wellness education plan.

    III. Proposed Solution

    An ideal wellness education plan for Hispanics would integrate the elements of

    culture, language, CAM, and spiritual care for addressing the health care disparities faced by

    them. Integrating these elements would help them receive a more holistic health care as their

    physical and mental states are taken into consideration while devising the plan.

     

     

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 3

    Cultural Considerations in the Wellness Education Plan for Hispanics

    Delivering culturally competent health care with knowledge about the cultural beliefs of

    patients from diverse populations assures good health service delivery. In keeping with this

    belief, Dr. Marilyn A. Ray, a renowned nursing educator and researcher, developed a program

    called the Transcultural Caring Dynamics in Nursing and Health Care Model. This model helps

    nurses clarify queries pertaining to patients from diverse cultural backgrounds and helps them

    understand the processes that affect nursing from a transcultural perspective, which will enable

    better health care.

    This model has four major concepts: (a) the essence of caring, which includes various

    concepts of love, empathy, attention, availability, and communication; (b) the transcultural

    caring ethics dynamic, which includes respect, trust, commitment, autonomy, impartiality,

    human rights, and cultural rights; (c) the transcultural context component, which takes into

    consideration the personal beliefs, attitudes, and cultural values of people; and (d) universal or

    spiritual resources, which include spiritual traditions and prevailing religious ceremonies that

    impact transcultural caring experiences centered around spirituality and religion (Bailey, 2015).

    Elements of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Traditional Medicine, Holistic

    Health, and Spirituality in the Wellness Education Plan for Hispanics

    Hispanics are avid users of CAM because of their lack of accessibility to conventional

    forms of health care and their belief in spirituality. “CAM is defined by the National Center for

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) as the medical and health care practices

    and systems that are not included in conventional, Western medicine” (Pérez & Luquis, 2013, p.

    90). Integration has led to the emergence of TM and CAM therapies. TM and CAM therapies are

    considered prescription based if minerals, herbal medicines, or homeopathic remedies are used

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 4

    for treatment. These procedures can include acupuncture; manual therapies such as exercises,

    massages, and chiropractic; and yoga, qigong, tai chi, spiritual, or meditation practices. Some of

    the features that attract people to TM and CAM therapies include flexibility, diversity, greater

    acceptance in developing countries, and lesser need for modern technology. TM and CAM

    therapies have led to a lot of positive outcomes. Some of them are as follows:

     Accessibility and affordability: TM and CAM therapies have led to greater accessibility

    to health care among low-income populations primarily because they are affordable and

    easily available than conventional therapies.

     Perceived safety: A major positive outcome from TM and CAM therapies is that they are

    considered to have a lower rate of adverse effects than normal pharmaceutical therapies.

    Integration of Linguistic Considerations into the Wellness Education Plan for Hispanics

    Language is a reflection of the culture of a population and has specific meaning to that

    population. In case of Hispanics, it is necessary to develop a Spanish-speaking wellness health

    program as it will reduce health disparities in the community and minimize miscommunications

    between health care workers and patients (Pérez & Luquis, 2013).

    One of the most prominent Spanish-speaking wellness programs is the Tomando Control

    de su Salud [Spanish Chronic Disease Self-Management Program]. This is a community-based

    program that is conducted once a week, for six weeks, for various Spanish-speaking people with

    different chronic health issues.

     

     

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 5

    Strategies for Implementing Wellness Education Plans for Health Care Among Hispanics

    To ensure the effective implementation of health care plans in the Hispanic population,

    health care workers need to implement certain strategies that will educate and market their

    wellness education plans to the Hispanic population. A few such strategies are as follows:

     Media and advertisement: Information about education plans and health promotion

    can be communicated and marketed through television and radio advertisements.

     Language sensitivity: Another strategy that health care professionals can implement is

    being sensitive to the language of the Hispanic community. Spanish is an important

    marker of social, personal, and political identity among Hispanics—even for those

    who can speak fluent English.

     Community outreach activities: By coordinating community outreach activities

    through trusted organizations such as Promotoras, health care professionals can share

    information about health promotion and disease prevention with Hispanics and also

    market the wellness education plan. Wellness Education Program Proposal Written Paper

    Being aware of the habits and preferences of the Hispanic population can help tailor

    messages for this audience and can also create a wellness plan that benefits Hispanics over a long

    and short time period. (CDC, n.d.).

    Benefits of the Wellness Education Plan for Hispanics

    The health and wellness plan comes with many short-term and long-term benefits. Some

    of the short-term benefits are that it ensures a healthier lifestyle by providing easy and immediate

    access to preventive measures, regular doctors, and early interventions. Short-term benefits of

    Comment [A1]: Good number of strategies!

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 6

    conducting the health and wellness program for health care organizations include the ability to

    provide more culturally sensitive care (Pereyra & Meth, 2012)

    Some of the long-term benefits of participating in the health and wellness program will

    be greater access to health care organizations and improvement in behavior when coping with an

    illness. It also saves costs by minimizing visits to the emergency room. In the long run, health

    care organizations can customize their wellness plans for diverse populations based on their

    interaction with these populations and provide quality care (Pereyra & Meth, 2012).

    Impacts of Ethical Principles on Preventative Care and Health Promotion

    Before implementing a health care plan, health care professionals must consider the

    ethical principles that can affect preventative care and health promotion. Some of these

    principles are as follows:

     Autonomy: This principle requires patients to make their own health care decisions

    without coercion. It has a positive impact on Hispanics as they value autonomy and see it

    as a way to maintain control (Kreling, n.d.).

     Beneficence and non-maleficence: This principle requires that all procedures be

    conducted only for the good of a patient. Patients should not be harmed in any way while

    they are undergoing treatment procedures. This principle has a positive impact on

    patients as they feel protected from harm. It has a negative impact only on health care

    organizations. Patients may autonomously choose a treatment that a practitioner believes

    would not be beneficial to them.

    Ethical transparency is an extremely relevant aspect in health promotion. It will have a

    positive impact on health care organizations as it will help foster a greater sense of accountability

    Comment [A2]: Good

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 7

    to the communities these organizations serve and can also increase the effectiveness of

    communicating the different risks involved in a treatment (Coleman, Bouёsseau, & Reis, n.d).

    However, an ethical issue that has arisen in health promotion is the question of the extent to

    which public health authorities should interfere with personal choice on health—particularly if

    they are caused by behaviors such as smoking. This has led to the need for certain health-related

    laws to be developed (Carter et al., 2011).

    Impacts of Local and Federal Laws and the Affordable Care Act

    Besides ethical principles, various local and federal laws will also impact health care

    plans in many ways. One of the key health care laws implemented by the U.S. government has

    been the Affordable Care Act (ACA), a comprehensive health care act that aims to make

    affordable health insurance available to more people. Wellness Education Program Proposal Written Paper

    Some of these positive impacts are as follows: (a) the ACA enables Hispanics to save

    millions on preventative health care services that are now available free of cost; (b) on 2014,

    more than 2.3 million Hispanics who were small business owners or self-employed became

    eligible to buy affordable health care coverage through an insurance exchange. This gave

    employers the chance to select more affordable health care; (c) over a third of the 2.5 million

    Hispanic youth are insured under the Act’s new dependent coverage provision, which allows

    them to remain under their parents’ insurance policy until the age of 26 (Pereyra & Meth, 2012).

    Regardless of some minor negative impacts, new health care laws at the local and federal

    level have a positive impact on everyone. The Supreme Court upholds tax credits for small

    businesses that want to provide health insurance for their families. This mandate ensures

    insurance coverage for everyone in the United States and makes insurance coverage much easier

    to finance for small business owners (Kruse, 2015). However, the growing need for staff and

    Comment [A3]: Good job on ethics!

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 8

    infrastructure has had a relatively negative economic impact on clinical prevention of various

    diseases and health promotion.

    Economic Impact on Clinical Preventive Services and Health Promotion

    Clinical prevention and health promotion play a key role in improving the United States’

    health and keeping rising health costs under control. However, organizations face a negative

    impact because of the need for more staff and resources, which leads to an increase in health care

    costs. Prevention policies and programs of various illnesses such as diabetes are often cost-

    effective. They improve productivity and reduce health care costs. The following benefits

    explain why prevention is a good economic solution in health care: (a) in case of Hispanics,

    prevention lowers health care costs. HIV is prevalent among Hispanics. For every HIV infection

    prevented, an estimated $355,000 is saved by avoiding the cost incurred on lifetime HIV

    treatment; (b) in case of organizations, prevention increases productivity..

    IV. Conclusion

    Health care disparities still persist in the United States among Hispanics. However, over

    the past decade, there has been a focus on reducing disparities through the implementation of

    various wellness programs, which take cultural and linguistic differences into account. There

    have also been efforts to address clinical prevention and health promotion at the federal, local,

    and organizational level as the ACA includes additions that attempt to reduce disparities between

    Hispanics and the rest of the American population. The existing health disparities present among

    Hispanics makes it necessary to address all facets of the social, economic, and legal principles of

    health care. This will definitely lead to wider health care coverage for all (Artiga, 2016). Wellness Education Program Proposal Written Paper

     

    Comment [A4]: Very good!

    Comment [A5]: Good!

    Comment [A6]: Very nice job on

    this assessment 😊

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 9

    References

    Artiga, S. (2016). Disparities in health and health care: Five key questions and answers.

    Retrieved from http://kff.org/disparities-policy/issue-brief/disparities-in-health-and-

    health-care-five-key-questions-and-answers/

    Bailey, D. N. (2015). Mitigation of transcultural clinical barriers in a health and wellness

    program: A transcultural caring approach for vulnerable migrant backstretch

    workers. Clinical Nursing Studies, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.5430/cns.v3n3p34

    Benjamin, R. M. (2011). Economic benefits of preventing disease. National Prevention

    Strategy: America’s Plan for Better Health and Wellness (p. 51). DIANE Publishing.

    Retrieved from https://surgeongeneral.gov/priorities/prevention/strategy/report.pdf

    Carter, S. M., Rychetnik, L., Lloyd, B., Kerridge, I. H., Baur, L., Bauman, A., & Zask, A.

    (2011). Evidence, ethics, and values: A framework for health promotion. American

    Journal of Public Health, 101(3), 465–472. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2010.195545

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Cultural insights: Communicating with

    Hispanics/Latinos. Retrieved from

    https://cdc.gov/healthcommunication/pdf/audience/audienceinsight_culturalinsights.pdf

    Coleman, C. H., Bouёsseau, M. C., & Reis, A. (n.d.). The contribution of ethics to public

    health. World Health Organization, 86. Retrieved from

    http://who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/8/08-055954/en/

    Kreling, B. (n.d.). Latino families and hospice. Retrieved from

    Latino Families and Hospice

    Kruse, G. (2015). Healthcare laws and positive impact. CBS Small Business Pulse. Retrieved

    from http://cbspulse.com/2015/11/17/healthcare-laws-positive-impact/

     

     

    WELLNESS EDUCATION PROGRAM 10

    Pereyra, L., & Meth, M. (2012). 7 ways the Affordable Care Act helps Latinos. Retrieved from

    https://americanprogress.org/issues/healthcare/news/2012/03/27/11231/7-ways-the-

    affordable-care-act-helps-latinos/

    World Health Organization. (2012). Traditional and complementary medicine policy. Retrieved

    from http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s19582en/s19582en.pdf

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