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Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

Week Assignment

Click here to download and analyze the case study for this week. Create a SOAP note for disease prevention, health promotion, and acute care of the patient in the clinical case. Your care plan should be based on current evidence and nursing standards of care.

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Visit the online library and research for current scholarly evidence (no older than 5 years) to support your nursing actions. In addition, consider visiting government sites such as the CDC, WHO, AHRQ, Healthy People 2020. Provide a detailed scientific rationale justifying the inclusion of this evidence in your plan.

Next determine the ICD-10 classification (diagnoses). The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) is the official system used in the United States to classify and assign codes to health conditions and related information.

Click here to access the codes.

Download the SOAP template to help you design a holistic patient care plan. Utilize the SOAP guidelines to assist you in creating your SOAP note and building your plan of care. You are expected to develop a comprehensive SOAP note based on the given assessment, diagnosis, and advanced nursing interventions. Reflect on what you have learned about care plans through independent research and peer discussions and incorporate the knowledge that you have gained into your patient’s care plan.  If the information is not in the provided scenario please consider it normal for SOAP note purposes, if it is abnormal please utilize what you know about the disease process and write what you would expect in the subjective and objective areas of your note. Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

Format

  • Your care plan should be formatted as a Microsoft Word document. Follow the current APA edition style. Your paper should be no longer than 3-4 pages excluding the title and the references and in 12pt font.
  • Name your document: SU_NSG6001_W2A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.
  • Submit your document to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.
  • attachment

    SOAP_Blank_Template.doc

    SOAP NOTE

    Name: Date: Time:
      Age: Sex:
    SUBJECTIVE
    CC: 

    Reason given by the patient for seeking medical care “in quotes”

     

    HPI: 

    Describe the course of the patient’s illness, including when it began, character of symptoms, location where the symptoms began, aggravating or alleviating factors; pertinent positives and negatives, other related diseases, past illnesses, surgeries or past diagnostic testing related to present illness.

     

    Medications: (list with reason for med )

     

    PMH

    Allergies: 

     

    Medication Intolerances:

     

    Chronic Illnesses/Major traumas

     

    Hospitalizations/Surgeries

     

    “Have you every been told that you have:  Diabetes, HTN, peptic ulcer disease, asthma, lung disease, heart disease, cancer, TB, thyroid problems or kidney disease or psychiatric diagnosis.”

     

    Family History

    Does your mother, father or siblings have any medical or psychiatric illnesses?  Anyone diagnosed with: lung disease, heart disease, htn, cancer, TB, DM, or kidney disease.

     

    Social History

    Education level, occupational history, current living situation/partner/marital status, substance use/abuse, ETOH, tobacco, marijuana.  Safety status

     

    ROS
    General

    Weight change, fatigue, fever, chills, night sweats,  energy level

     

    Cardiovascular

    Chest pain, palpitations, PND, orthopnea, edema

     

    Skin

    Delayed healing, rashes, bruising, bleeding or skin discolorations, any changes in lesions or moles

     

    Respiratory

    Cough, wheezing, hemoptysis, dyspnea, pneumonia hx, TB

     

    Eyes

    Corrective lenses, blurring, visual changes of any kind

     

    Gastrointestinal

    Abdominal pain, N/V/D, constipation, hepatitis, hemorrhoids, eating disorders, ulcers, black tarry stools

     

    Ears

    Ear pain, hearing loss, ringing in ears, discharge

     

    Genitourinary/Gynecological

    Urgency, frequency burning, change in color of urine.

    Contraception, sexual activity, STDS

       Fe: last pap, breast, mammo, menstrual complaints, vaginal discharge, pregnancy hx

      Male: prostate, PSA, urinary complaints

     

    Nose/Mouth/Throat

    Sinus problems, dysphagia, nose bleeds or discharge, dental disease, hoarseness, throat pain

     

    Musculoskeletal

    Back pain, joint swelling, stiffness or pain, fracture hx, osteoporosis

    Breast

    SBE, lumps, bumps or changes

    Neurological

    Syncope, seizures, transient paralysis, weakness, paresthesias, black out spells

    Heme/Lymph/Endo

    HIV status, bruising, blood transfusion hx, night sweats, swollen glands, increase thirst, increase hunger, cold or heat intolerance

    Psychiatric

    Depression, anxiety, sleeping difficulties, suicidal ideation/attempts, previous dx

    OBJECTIVE
    Weight        BMI Temp BP
    Height Pulse Resp
    General Appearance

    Healthy appearing adult female in no acute distress. Alert and oriented; answers questions appropriately. Slightly somber affect at first, then brighter later.

    Skin

    Skin is brown, warm, dry, clean and intact. No rashes or lesions noted.

    HEENT

    Head is normocephalic, atraumatic and without lesions; hair evenly distributed. Eyes:  PERRLA. EOMs intact. No conjunctival or scleral injection. Ears: Canals patent. Bilateral TMs pearly grey with positive light reflex; landmarks easily visualized. Nose: Nasal mucosa pink; normal turbinates. No septal deviation. Neck: Supple. Full ROM; no cervical lymphadenopathy; no occipital nodes. No thyromegaly or nodules. Oral mucosa pink and moist. Pharynx is nonerythematous and without exudate. Teeth are in good repair.

    Cardiovascular

    S1, S2 with regular rate and rhythm. No extra sounds, clicks, rubs or murmurs. Capillary refill 2 seconds. Pulses 3+ throughout. No edema.

    Respiratory

    Symmetric chest wall. Respirations regular and easy; lungs clear to auscultation bilaterally.

    Gastrointestinal

    Abdomen obese; BS active in all 4 quadrants. Abdomen soft, non-tender. No hepatosplenomegaly.

    Breast

    Breast is free from masses or tenderness, no discharge, no dimpling, wrinkling or discoloration of the skin.

    Genitourinary

    Bladder is non-distended; no CVA tenderness. External genitalia reveals coarse pubic hair in normal distribution; skin color is consistent with general pigmentation. No vulvar lesions noted. Well estrogenized. A small speculum was inserted; vaginal walls are pink and well rugated; no lesions noted. Cervix is pink and nulliparous. Scant clear to cloudy drainage present. On bimanual exam, cervix is firm. No CMT. Uterus is antevert and positioned behind a slightly distended bladder; no fullness, masses, or tenderness.  No adnexal masses or tenderness. Ovaries are non-palpable.

    (Male:  both testes palpable, no masses or lesions, no hernia, no uretheral discharge. )

    (Rectal as appropriate:  no evidence of hemorrhoids, fissures, bleeding or masses—Males: prostrate is smooth, non-tender and free from nodules, is of normal size, sphincter tone is firm).

    Musculoskeletal

    Full ROM seen in all 4 extremities as patient moved about the exam room.

    Neurological

    Speech clear. Good tone. Posture erect. Balance stable; gait normal.

    Psychiatric

    Alert and oriented. Dressed in clean slacks, shirt and coat. Maintains eye contact. Speech is soft, though clear and of normal rate and cadence; answers questions appropriately.

    Lab Tests

    Urinalysis – pending

    Urine culture – pending

    Wet prep – pending

     

    Special Tests

     

     Diagnosis
     Differential Diagnoses

    · 1-

    · 2-

    · 3-

    Diagnosis

     

    Plan/Therapeutics
    · Plan:

    · Further testing

    · Medication

    · Education

    · Non-medication treatments

     

     Evaluation of patient encounter
  • attachment

    SU_NSG6001_RespClinicalCaseNursing.pdf

    Week 2: Respiratory Clinical Case

    Patient Setting:

    65 year old Caucasian female that was discharged from the hospital 10 weeks ago after a motor vehicle

    accident presents to the clinic today. States she is having severe wheezing, shortness of breath and

    coughing at least once daily. She can barely get her words out without taking breaks to catch her breath

    and states she has taken albuterol once today.

    HPI

    Frequent asthma attacks for the past 2 months (more than 4 times per week average), serious MVA 10

    weeks ago; post traumatic seizure 2 weeks after the accident; anticonvulsant phenytoin started – no

    seizure activity since initiation of therapy.

     

    PMH

    History of periodic asthma attacks since early 20s; mild congestive heart failure diagnosed 3 years ago;

    placed on sodium restrictive diet and hydrochlorothiazide; last year placed on enalapril due to

    worsening CHF; symptoms well controlled the last year. Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

     

    Past Surgical History

    None

     

    Family/Social History

    Family: Father died age 59 of kidney failure secondary to HTN; Mother died age 62 of CHF

    Social: Nonsmoker; no alcohol intake; caffeine use: 4 cups of coffee and 4 diet colas per day.

     

    Medication History

    Theophylline SR Capsules 300 mg PO BID

    Albuterol inhaler, PRN

    Phenytoin SR capsules 300 mg PO QHS

    HTCZ 50 mg PO BID

     

     

    Enalapril 5 mg PO BID

    Allergies

    NKDA

    ROS

    Positive for shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and exercise intolerance. Denies headache,

    swelling in the extremities and seizures. Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

    Physical exam

    BP 171/94, HR 122, RR 31, T 96.7 F, Wt 145, Ht 5’ 3”

    VS after Albuterol breathing treatment – BP 134/79, HR 80, RR 18

    Gen: Pale, well developed female appearing anxious. HEENT: PERRLA, oral cavity without lesions, TM

    without signs of inflammation, no nystagmus noted. Cardio: Regular rate and rhythm normal S1 and S2.

    Chest: Bilateral expiratory wheezes. Abd: soft, non-tender, non-distended no masses. GU:

    Unremarkable. Rectal: Guaiac negative. EXT: +1 ankle edema, on right, no bruising, normal pulses.

    NEURO: A&O X3, cranial nerves intact.

    Laboratory and Diagnostic Testing

    Na – 134

    K – 4.9

    Cl – 100

    BUN – 21

    Cr – 1.2

    Glu – 110

    ALT – 24

    AST – 27

    Total Chol – 190

    CBC – WNL

    Theophylline – 6.2

    Phenytoin – 17

     

     

    Chest Xray – Blunting of the right and left costophrenic angles

    Peak Flow – 75/min; after albuterol – 102/min

    FEV1 – 1.8 L; FVC 3.0 L, FEV1/FVC 60%

  • attachment

    NSG_6001_Week_2_Midweek_Assignment.docx.docx

    RESPIRATORY CARE PLAN 1

    7

     

    3

    RESPIRATORY CARE PLAN

     

    Respiratory Care Plan

    James Bostick

    South University Online

    Dr. Cynthia Bostick

    NSG 6001

    May 6, 2020

     

    Patient Initials JD

    Subjective Data: 65-year-old female patient reports to the clinic today stating that she has been experiencing wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing at least once daily. Patient further states that she is struggling to speak without pausing her speech to catch her breath and states affirms that she has taking her medication (albuterol) once today.

    Chief Complaint: Severe wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing at least once daily.

    History of Present Illness: Patient presents repeated asthma attacks for the past 2 months (averaging more than 4 times per week). There is a record of a MVA 10 weeks ago, followed by a post traumatic seizure 2 weeks after the initial accident. Patient started on anticonvulsant drug Phenytoin. Negative seizure activity reported after commencement of drug therapy.

    Medical History: History of episodic asthma attacks since the patient was in early 20s. Patient currently taking Theophylline BID and an Albuterol Inhaler PRN. Patient was diagnosed with mild congestive heart failure 3 years ago. Patient placed on sodium restrictive diet and Hydrochlorothiazide BID. Last year the patient was placed prescribed Enalapril BID due to worsening CHF. As a result, symptoms effectively controlled last year. Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

    Surgical History: Patient denies

    Allergies: NKDA

    Medication List:

    · Theophylline SR Capsules 300 mg PO BID for asthma

    · Albuterol Inhaler, PRN for asthma

    · Phenytoin SR Capsules 300 mg PO QHS for seizures

    · Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 50 mg PO BID for congestive heart failure (CHF)

    · Enalapril 5 mg PO BID for congestive heart failure (CHF)

    Significant Family History: Patient’s father died at age 59 related to complications with kidney failure secondary to HTN. Patient’s mother died at age 62 as a result of CHF complications.

    Social History: Denies being a smoker; denies alcohol. Patient admits to caffeine use: 4 cups of coffee and 4 diet colas per day.

    Review of Symptoms: Patient was positive for shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing and exercise intolerance. Patient denies headache, swelling in upper and lower extremities and/or seizures.

    Objective Data:

    Vital Signs: BP 171/94, HR 122, RR 31, 96.7 F, Wt 145, Ht 5’3” BMI 26.2

    *VS after Albuterol breathing treatment – BP 134/79, HR 80, RR 18

    Physical Assessment Findings:

    General: Well developed female appearing anxious

    Integumentary: Skin pale, no bruising noted

    HEENT: PERRLA, oral cavity without lesions, TM without signs of inflammation, no nystagmus noted

    Cardiovascular: Regular rate and rhythm normal S1 and S2.

    Respiratory: Bilateral expiratory wheezes

    Gastrointestinal: Guaiac negative, abdomen soft, non-tender, non-distended with no masses

    Genitourinary: Unremarkable

    Musculoskeletal: +1 ankle edema on right, palpable pulses in all extremities

    Neurological: A/OX3, all cranial nerves intact

    Endocrine: Unremarkable

    Hematologic: Unremarkable

    Psychological: Patient anxious

    Laboratory Test Results:

    Actual Value Reference Value Conventional U.S. Unit

    Na – 134 (134-142) mEq/L

    K – 4.9 (3.7-5.1) mEq/L g/mL

    Cl – 100 (98-108) mEq/L

    BUN – 21 (6-25) mg/dL

    CR – 1.2 (0.4-1.1) mg/dL

    Glu – 110 (62-110) mg/dL

    ALT – 24 (5-40) U/L

    AST – 27 (5-40) U/L

    Total Chol -190 (<265) mg/dL *women >50 yr

    CBC – WNL

    Theophylline – 6.2 (5-20) ug/mL

    Phenytoin – 17 (10-20) ug/mL

     

    (Fischbach & Dunning, 2017)

     

    Diagnostic Test Results:

    Chest Xray – Blunting of the right and left costophrenic angles

    Peak Flow – 75/min; after Albuterol – 102/min

    FEV1 – 1.8 L; FVS – 3.0 L; FEV1/FVC – 60%

    Assessment:

    J45.31 Mild persistent asthma with (acute) exacerbation

    I50.43 Acute on chronic combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure

    J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified

     

    Plan of Care:

    Diagnosis: J45.31 Mild persistent asthma with (acute) exacerbation

    Education: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of that affects the lungs. Asthma causes chest tightness, coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. Being exposed to things in the environment, like mold or dampness, some allergens such as dust mites, and secondhand tobacco smoke have all been linked to developing asthma and asthma exacerbation (CDC, 2019). Environmental and occupational factors have also been linked to asthma.

    Goals: One goal for asthma management would be to prevent asthma exacerbations. Factors such as pollen and dusk can exacerbate the condition and cause further complications such as an asthma attack. Another goal for would be to limit stress. The patient came into the clinic very anxious. Stress-induced asthma can make inflammation worse, triggering breathing difficulties in the patient which could also lead to an asthma attack.

    Therapeutic Management: Patients should take prescribed medications and adhere to medication regimen. Reducing stress and avoiding air pollution and allergens that may cause a flare in the condition. Patients should seek medical treatment immediately if their symptoms persist and/or get worse (CDC, 2019).

    Evaluation: Individuals with asthma should monitor their breathing and follow up with their PCP to evaluate their progress. Frequency of symptoms is another key feature of the evaluation, focusing on the number of times per week the patient experience symptoms and whether they occur during the day or night (Corren, 2020).

    Diagnosis: I50.43 Acute on chronic combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure

    Education: Heart failure occurs when your heart muscle fails to pump blood as well as it should. According to the CDC (2019), it is estimated that 6.5 million adults in the United States suffer from this condition. Symptoms of CHF include, weight gain with swelling in the lower extremities, weakness, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing while lying down.

    Goals: Some of the goals of treating heart failure are primarily geared toward decreasing the likelihood of exacerbation and/or disease progression. Limiting the symptoms of CHF thereby decrease the chances of mortality.

    Therapeutic Management: Both early diagnosis and treatment of CHF can help improve the quality for people suffering. Treatment involves taking your medications as prescribed, reducing sodium intake, drinking less liquids, proper dieting and exercise to decrease weight, particularly in obese patients, etc.

    Evaluation: People living with CHF should readily track their symptoms and discuss them with their PCP. Importance of recording fluid intake, weight and vital signs are all equally important.

    Diagnosis: J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified

    Education: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or “COPD,” refers to a collective of diseases that cause both breathing problems and problems with airflow blockage. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two most common conditions of COPD. Similar to asthma, symptoms of this disease include dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, chest tightness, cough, etc.

    Goals: The goals of effective COPD management include relief of symptoms, preventing disease progression and improving exercise tolerance to name a few.

    Therapeutic Management: Management of COPD would rely on the use of bronchodilators such as Spiriva. Also, stopping smoking decreases a patient’s chances of exacerbation. Furthermore, lung therapies such as oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehab programs, could prove effective in the treatment of this disease (CDC, 2019).

    Evaluation: It’s important that patients with COPD are followed by a pulmonolgist. Arterial blood gas analysis (ABG) and /or spirometry would be recommended by doctors to evaluate the function of the lungs. Patients should also monitor for an increase in symptoms that last without relief. Wk2: Respiratory Clinical Case APN

     

     

     

    References

    Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019). Asthma. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/copd/index.html.

    Corren, J. (2020). Evaluation and treatment of asthma: An overview. Retrieved from https://www.ajmc.com/journals/supplement/2005/2005-11-vol11-n14suppl/nov05-2211ps408-s415.

    Fischbach, F. & Dunning, M. (2017). A manual of laboratory and diagnostic tests (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis. ISBN: 9780803667181.

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