G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 3 Quiz Answers
G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 3 Quiz Answers
1. What layer of the skin are blood vessels found within?
2. This type of cell is responsible for the color and tone of our skin?
3. The melanocytes are found in the dermis?
4. Keratin is a protective and tough protein produced by the keratinocytes when they die within the epidermis
5. This type of gland is the most numerous within our skin and secretes sweat?
6. This type of gland produces and secretes an oil substance that prevents the hair and skin from drying out?
7. A permanent tattoo has ink found in which layer of the skin?
8. This type of skin cancer is the most dangerous and has the highest potential for death?
9. What is NOT a function of the integument system?
10. The epidermis is in a continuously state of shedding old, dead cells and producing new cells to replace the ones lost?
11. What is NOT true of skin burns?
12. Blood cell formation is completed by red bone marrow and is a function of the skeletal system?
13. Which statement is NOT true regarding the bones and the skeletal system?
14. What term is given to the end of long bones?
15. The trabeculae of spongy bone is composed of different cells and structures in the extracellular matrix compared to osteons?
16. What is the outer covering of bones that provides protection to the bone?
17. Which process of bone repair relates to when the broken bones are re-connected by a soft template of tissue?
18. Once the epiphyseal plates close, or are no longer functional, bones cannot grow longitudinally?
19. This bone cell assists in the production or synthesis of new matrix within bone tissue?
20. This bone cell assists in the breakdown of the matrix of bone tissue, releasing calcium into the
bloodstream? G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 3 Quiz Answers
G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 4 Quiz
- This type of joint provides the most range of motion for movement?
- What is released from the nerve axon terminal to stimulate the muscle cell?
- This type of synovial joint movement involves increasing the angle between bones and the joint space:
- What best describes a muscle fascicle?
- This type of muscle is found within internal organs such as the stomach, small intestine, bladder and uterus within women?
- Muscle cells are filled with specialized proteins that allow for contraction to occur?
- What is not needed for the process of muscle contraction to occur?
- What statement is true regarding muscle contraction?
- ATP is needed in muscle contraction for what process?
- What is NOT true of muscle cells?
- The bone that contains the lower socket of teeth and is considered the jawbone is:
- This large muscle is found in the buttock region of the body:
- This bone is located in the lower arm on the lateral aspect in the anatomical position:
- This muscle is considered the shoulder muscle and is commonly a location for medical injections:
- Which region of the vertebrae is the arrow point to and is commonly referred to as the low back?
- This muscle is a large superficial lower back muscle as demonstrated in the picture:
- This is the posterior bone of the shoulder, sometimes referred to as shoulder blade:
- The region of muscles that the arrow is pointing to is:
- The bones of the wrist are called:
- This muscle is the major anterior chest muscle of the body, which the arrow is pointing to within the picture:
G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 5 Quiz
- This portion of the brain controls IQ, personality and social judgment?
- This portion of the neuron contains the nucleus?
- Grey matter of the central nervous system is a collection of neuron axons?
- What statement is NOT true of the nervous system?
- White matter in the central nervous system (CNS) performs the neural integration; in other words the decision-making process and storage of memories?
- What is true of the meninges, ventricles and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)?
- This lobe of the cerebrum is involved in vision perception?
- This is the largest portion of the brain and allows for your ability to think, feel, see and use social judgment?
- This portion of the brain allows for balance, coordinated movement of large muscle groups, posture, and overall coordination?
- This portion of the brain contains nuclei centers that control and regulate breathing, blood pressure and heart rate?
- The cranial nerves are classified as part of the peripheral nervous system and provide sensory and motor function primarily to the head and neck?
- What is NOT true regarding the autonomic nervous system (ANS)?
- The spinal nerves are part of the peripheral nervous system?
- What is true of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)?
- The main function of the neuroglia cells is:
- What is released at a synapse between two neurons?
- What is true of the parasympathetic nervous system stimulation?
- What statement is NOT true of the spinal nerves?
- The spinal cord relays information from the body to the brain and from the brain to the body via spinal nerve tracts?
- What region of the brain interprets stimulation and sensations such as pain, touch, and temperature?
G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 6 Quiz
- The rod and cones are located in what structure within the eye?
- The general senses are only found in localized areas of the body, such as the head, and includes pain, touch, and temperature sensation.
- Which statement is NOT true regarding the special senses?
- The primary function of this structure in the eye is to refract or bend the light to a specific location on the retina?
- The rod cells of the eye are specialized cells to help with the vision of color?
- The size of the pupil is dependent upon which structure of the eye?
- What choice is NOT needed or required for the sense of hearing?
- What statement is true regarding the sense of vision?
- Pain originating from the skin or joint that’s perceived as pain coming from the an organ, such as the liver, is called referred pain?
10.What statement is NOT true regarding the special senses?
11.This hormone influences the body’s metabolism rate?
12.Secretion of this hormone will decrease the blood glucose (sugar) levels?
13.This endocrine gland secretes a hormone that influences the sleep-wake cycle?
- The spleen secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon?
15.Hormones secreted by the hypothalamus and pituitary glands are regulated by a positive feedback loop?
16.Which endocrine gland secretes hormones that assist the body to adapt to stressful situations, reduces inflammation and prepares the body for physical stimulation?
17.When blood calcium levels are low, this hormone is secreted?
- Hormones must bind to a receptor on or in the cell to trigger changes within that cell?
19.Low energy, fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, hair loss, and constipation are some symptoms associated with a decreased production and secretion of this hormone?
20.What statement is NOT true regarding the endocrine system?
G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 7 Quiz
1.What statement is NOT true regarding blood cells?
2.Blood cells are produced in the red bone marrow found within spongy bone of the skeletal system?
3.What statement is NOT true regarding red blood cells?
4.Which type of blood cell assists in the hemostasis process?
5.The majority of plasma is composed of:
6.What type of blood type is the universal donor?
7.What is NOT true about the hemostasis process?
8.The pericardium is the inner layer of the heart?
9.Which chamber of the heart pumps blood out to the systemic (body) circuit?
10.Which chamber of the heart receives blood from the lungs?
11.The right ventricle will pump oxygenated blood to the lungs?
12.What is NOT true regarding blood pressure?
13.What is true of the cardiac conduction system (pacemaker) of the heart?
14.Which portion of the cardiac conduction system sets the heart rate?
15.What role do the heart valves have within the function of the heart?
16.Which blood vessel transports blood from the heart out to the body?
17.Which blood vessel transports blood back to the heart from the body?
18.Which blood vessel allows for gas and nutrient exchange to occur between the blood and body?
19.Veins can influence blood pressure because they can undergo vasoconstriction and vasodilation?
20.Arteries typically carry blood that is oxygenated?
G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 8 Quiz
- What is NOT a function of the lymphatic system?
- The lymph fluid collected within the lymphatic system is eventually returned to the bloodstream.
- What statement is NOT true regarding inflammation?
- Common allergies to tree pollen and animals would be classified as which type of immune dysfunction?
- This immune dysfunction occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its own healthy tissue and cells?
- What is NOT true of specific immunity?
- Receiving the flu vaccine is classified as which type of immunity?
- What is true of a fever?
- What is NOT true of lymph nodes?
- Non-specific immunity effectiveness is dependent upon the number of times it is exposed to a pathogen, such as a specific type of bacteria?
- Which layer of the alimentary canal is exposed to the food we eat and ingest?
- The primary organ of the digestive system that produces digestive enzymes is the:
- What is NOT true of the small intestine?
- Bile and pancreatic juices are secreted into the duodenum of the small intestine?
- What is NOT true of the digestive system?
- What statement is NOT true regarding the stomach?
- This type of nutrient is considered sugars and is the primary energy source for the body?
- This type of nutrient is utilized by the body for energy storage, structural integrity of a cell, and is used for organ protection?
- Which nutrient cannot be metabolized (utilized) for the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate)?
- Mechanical digestion is dependent upon digestive enzymes?
G150 PHA15 Structure and Functions Module 9 Quiz
- What is NOT true of the larynx?
- Gas exchange in the lungs occurs in the:
- For air to enter into the lungs, the intrapulmonary pressure (pressure within the lungs) has to be higher than the atmospheric pressure?
- What is NOT true regarding the trachea?
- What muscle is not involved in the pulmonary ventilation (respiration) process?
- The pleura of the lungs assist in the pulmonary ventilation and allow the lungs to expand without any friction in the thoracic cavity?
- The respiratory muscles allow for the thoracic cavity to expand, which increases the lung volume and decreases the intrapulmonary pressure.
- For oxygen gas exchange to occur between the lungs and circulatory system (blood vessels) there has to be a high concentration of oxygen in the blood vessels and a low concentration of oxygen in the lungs?
- What is the role of the epiglottis?
- What statement is true regarding the upper respiratory system?
- Which portion of the nephron is involved in producing the filtrate from the blood?
- The urethra transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
- What statement is NOT true of the urinary system?
- Reabsorption of nutrients and substances within the kidneys occurs within the renal tubular portion of the nephron?
- What is NOT a function of the urinary system?
- What is NOT true regarding the urethra?
- The glomerulus is the portion of the nephron that fluid, mostly blood plasma, is filtered out of and is collected in the Bowman’s capsule.
- What statement is true regarding the kidneys?
- The term micturition refers to the process of sending urine down from the kidneys to the bladder?
- What is NOT a step or process involved with urine formation?
G150 PHA15 Structure and Function Module 10 Quiz Solutions
G150 PHA15 Structure and Function Module 10 Quiz Solutions
- What statement best describes the role of the epididymis?
- Erectile tissues are found in the shaft of the penis that fill with blood to allow for erection.
- Where are sperm produced?
- The majority of semen consists of:
- What statement is NOT true of the testes?
- Which organ of the female reproductive system produces the eggs and sex hormones estrogen and progesterone?
- What is NOT true of the uterus?
- During ovulation, a mature egg cell is ovulated from the uterus into the fallopian tube?
- What is NOT true of the ovarian cycle?
- What is true of the uterine (menstrual) cycle?
- What is NOT true regarding the ovaries?
- What stage of prenatal development does implantation occur?
- Where is an egg commonly fertilized?
- What is NOT a change to a female’s body during pregnancy?
- What does the term locus refer to regarding chromosomes?
- Where does the implantation of a fertilized egg occur?
- What is NOT true regarding heredity and chromosomes?
- During labor, which organ contracts and pushes the fetus out of the female body?
- Sex-linked X chromosome genetic disorders/diseases will affect females in great proportion when compared to males?
- What statement best describes the concept of alleles? G150 PHA15 Structure & Function Module 3 Quiz Answers