Human Growth and Development Final Exam Answers

Human Growth and Development Final Exam Answers

Human Growth and Development Final Exam Answers

1.  The field of human development is considered to be an applied discipline because

2.  Dr. Fox believes that infants and preschoolers respond to the world in much the same way as adults do. This is consistent with the __________ view of development.

3.  Tammy’s father is an exceptional gymnast. When Tammy was just a toddler, her father believed that Tammy already showed great promise as a gymnast. Tammy’s father probably believes that athletic ability is mostly determined by

4.  Theorists who emphasize stability stress the importance of

5.  Which of the following is a recessive characteristic?

6.  Fraternal twins are created when

7.  A(n) __________ contains only 23 chromosomes, half as many as a regular body cell.

8.  The __________ secretes hormones that prepare the lining of the uterus to receive a fertilized ovum.

9.  The period of the zygote

10.  The __________ surrounds the amnion.

11. During infancy, girls

12. Skeletal age is measured by determining

13.  At birth, the __________ is nearer to its adult size than any other physical structure.

14.  Piaget believed that infants and toddlers

15.  Children use their current schemes to interpret the external world using a process known as

16.  During rapid cognitive change, children

17.  According to Piaget, organization takes place

18.  Which of the following statements about measuring temperament is true?

19.  Aja is a self-confident, secure 2-year-old. According to Erikson’s theory, Aja probably has parents who

20.  According to Erikson, the conflict of toddlerhood-autonomy versus shame and doubt-is resolved negatively when the parents

Human Growth and Development Final Exam Answers

21.  Nine-year-old Noah observed that he is better than his peers at math but not as good at spelling. Noah is using

22.  When asked to recall personally significant past experiences, Chinese school-age children are more likely that U.S. children to refer to

23.  Self-esteem

24.  Today we know that adolescent development is

25.  The hormonal changes that underlie puberty

26. Which of the following statements about body growth in adolescence is true?



27.  In the United States and a few European countries, __________ are responsible for a modest, continuing trend toward earlier menarche.

28. Sixteen-year-old Max has been introspective lately. He has been wondering who he really is, thinking about his values, and pondering the direction he will pursue in the future. Max is

29.  According to Erikson, if the psychological conflict of adolescence is resolved negatively, a young person experiences

30. For most young people, identity development is not traumatic and disturbing, but, rather, a process of

31.  Compared with school-age children, teenagers’ self-evaluations place more emphasis on

32.  Free radicals are

33. Which of the following statements about changes in vision in adulthood is true?

34. Changes of aging in __________ are twice as rapid for men as for women.

35. Many emerging adults

36. Ryan is a typical emerging adult. Which of the following is he likely to say is the most essential for attaining adult status?

37. A controversial, widespread opinion about emerging adults is that they

38. Middle adulthood is

39. As we age,
40. To offset both excess weight and muscle loss, people should

41. __________ contribute greatly to emotional and social development in midlife.

42. Which of the following middle-aged adults is the most likely to be stagnant?

43. Which of the following women is likely to offer more social support to members of her community?

44. People who flexibly modify their identities in response to age-related changes yet maintain a sense of self-continuity are

45. Older adults

46. An individual’s __________ age is based on actual competence and performance.

47. In the United States today, the average __________ is 78.5 years-nearly 76 for men and 81 for women.

48. According to Peck, adults develop a sense of ego transcendence if they

49. Today’s seniors in industrialized nations

50. The Second Age …