SOCS 325 Final Exam Latest

SOCS 325  Final Exam Latest

SOCS 325 Final Exam Latest

Question 1. 1. (TCO 8) As the Ojibwa people of Grassy Narrows found out, the symptoms of methyl mercury poisoning mimic the effects of: (Points : 5)

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Cocaine addiction
  • Hyperactivity
  • None of the above

Question 2. 2. (TCO 8) In Melanie Dupuis’s phrase NIMB, the B stands for: (Points : 5)

  • Backyard
  • Body
  • Building
  • Business

Question 3. 3. (TCO 8) The quality of life indicators such as literacy, life expectancy, standard of living and purchasing power is measured by the: (Points : 5)

  • NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard).
  • HDI (Human Development Index).
  • GNP (Gross National Product).
  • LEI (Life Expectancy Index).

Question 4. 4. (TCO 8) Ulrich Beck argues that the driving force behind the risk society can be characterized by which of the following statements? (Points : 5)

  • I am hungry.
  • I am angry.
  • I am lonely.
  • I am afraid.

Question 5. 5. (TCO 8) The chapter concludes by saying that in order to construct a dialogic rationality of risk, we need to cultivate: (Points : 5)

  • trust.
  • truth.
  • theory.
  • trees.

Question 6. 6. (TCO 8) Which of the following arguments contradicts the risk society theory? (Points : 5)

  • Environmental bads are not equally distributed.
  • In poor countries, “I am hungry” is a driving force of environmental concerns.
  • The wealthy elite are able to better protect themselves from environmental problems.
  • All of the above

Question 7. 7. (TCO 9) Which of the following do Christianity, individualism, and patriarchy have in common? (Points : 5)

  • Hierarchy
  • Inequality
  • Connections between environmental domination and social domination
  • All of the above


Question 8. 8. (TCO 9) An important aspect of carnivalesque humor is that it: (Points : 5)

  • is gross and degrading.
  • is only expressed during the Pre-Lenten Festival.
  • is egalitarian in that it attempts to level inequalities and build community.
  • creates separation and hierarchy.

Question 9. 9. (TCO 9) Through an ethnographic study of an English village, the author of our text demonstrates that: (Points : 5)

  • patriarchal stereotypes may be internalized.
  • the British are more environmentally sensitive than Americans.
  • patriarchal dualisms are peculiar to American attitudes on the environment.
  • men describe natural experiences using “metaphors of nurturing.”

Question 10. 10. (TCO 9) The poetry of the Roman Horace is used by the author to illustrate what point? (Points : 5)

  • The moral superiority of environmental attitudes of the early Romans
  • The debate that raged as early as 20 BCE regarding the ethics of human transformation of the environment
  • The environmental destruction of lands conquered during Roman expansion
  • The power of poetry to express appreciation for the environment

Page 2

Question 1. 1. (TCO 9) Which of the following statements is TRUE? (Points : 5)

  • Business leaders are the most likely opponents of the environmental movement.
  • Whites often show lower levels of concern for the environment than minority groups.
  • Both A and B are true.
  • Neither A nor B is true.

SOCS 325 Final Exam Latest

Question 2. 2. (TCO 9) “Humans are exceptional creatures who face few ultimate environmental limits, and the basic goal of human society is technological mastery over nature for the purpose of wealth creation.” This statement best describes which paradigm? (Points : 5)

  • The new paradigm
  • The alternative paradigm
  • The technological-social paradigm
  • The ecological-social paradigm

Question 3. 3. (TCO 9) What percent of Americans in a 2007 poll agreed that “there need to be stricter laws and regulations to protect the environment”? (Points : 5)

  • 27%
  • 45%
  • 83%
  • 97%

Question 4. 4. (TCO 9) Approximately what percent of urban land is currently under cultivation? (Points : 5)

  • Less than a tenth (10%)
  • Almost a fourth (25%)
  • About a third (33%)
  • Well over a half (50%)

Question 5. 5. (TCO 9) Of the world’s food supply, approximately what percent is grown or produced in urban areas? (Points : 5)

  • Less than a 1%
  • Just over a tenth (10%)
  • About a third (33%)
  • Well over a half (50%)

Question 6. 6. (TCO 10) Which of the following phrases best characterizes the tragedy of the commons? (Points : 5)

  • The dialogue of solidarities
  • The problem of government regulation
  • The tragedy of individualism
  • The problem of common ownership

Question 7. 7. (TCO 10) Which of the following is meant by double politics? (Points : 5)

  • Grassroots organizing and top-down authority
  • Collective and individual action
  • Conflict and consensus
  • Conceptions and connections

SOCS 325 Final Exam Latest

Question 8. 8. (TCO 10) The A-B split is: (Points : 5)

  • the split between the ideal and the material.
  • the split between attitudes and behaviors.
  • the difference between what people say they value and believe, and how they act.
  • All of the above

Question 9. 9. (TCO 10) Virtual environmentalism is: (Points : 5)

  • environmentalism you don’t have to worry about because you just find yourself doing it anyway.
  • environmentalism you have to worry about.
  • environmentalism you find online.
  • None of the above

Question 10. 10. (TCO 10) The basic idea to model new developments on the kind of traditional neighborhoods that cities routinely turn into historic districts is called: (Points : 5)

  • new ruralism.
  • old rualism.
  • old urbanism.
  • new urbanism.

Page 3

Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Over the past 7 to 8 weeks, how has your definition of environmental sociology changed? (Points : 10)

Question 2. 2. (TCO 2) Give a few examples of how materialism creates inequality in minority populations. (Points : 10)

Question 3. 3. (TCO 3) As an expert in environmental sociology, you have been asked to give a brief speech at a major international conference on the future of the world’s environment. What will you say? Be sure in your speech to say whether we should be optimistic or pessimistic. Justify your answer sociologically, drawing on material from this course on consumer products and services and how they will impact the environment in the future. Also, please be sure to describe how environmental goods and bads play a role in the future of the world’s environment in terms of social-economic status. (Points : 30)

Question 4. 4. (TCO 4) It is well known by now that industrial production (consumer products and services) usually entails pollution of some sort and often hazardous production practices; yet this production continues. On what basis are these practices usually defended? What are some of the counterarguments? Compare and contrast how this relates to materialism and capitalism and some possible ways these hazardous practices can be limited. (Points : 30)

Question 5. 5. (TCO 5) The development of a natural conscience depends upon the sense of a realm free from the pollution of social interests-a natural other, from which we may gain a sense of a natural me. But is such a realm possible? Can there be a moral realm that is truly free of social interests? Explain. Compare and contrast how we can still keep a free market, Capitalistic system without destroying our environment. How can we still have a free market and Capitalism and still maintain a sustainable society? (Points : 30)

Question 6. 6. (TCO 6) Why is organic food a positional good? What other ways do wealthy people have an advantage in avoiding pesticides? How does this relate to global inequality? How are organic foods produced, marketed, and sold in a capitalist society? Compare and contrast the future of green businesses, green energy, organic foods, and ecotourism. (Points : 30)

Question 7. 7. (TCO 7) What do you think of Beck’s belief that environmentalism is the defining issue of our time? Why does he believe this? Do you agree or disagree? Please support your belief with facts and data from the course textbook and outside sources. Compare and contrast how this relates to population growth, poverty, debt, and hunger. How can ecological dialog be used to solve many of these issues in the future? (Points : 30)