CPY 3326 Assignment: Adult Development and Ageing
CPY 3326 Assignment: Adult Development and Ageing
Theoretical frameworks explaining observable ageing issues
1.Clarity of documentation for the personal observation made (e.g., a clear description of your old neighbour’s case, who was recently widowed and spends a lot of time alone)
2.Clarity of an ageing issue emerging from the personal observation (e.g., loneliness in older age)
3.Quality of the material collected from the scientific literature in order to discuss an ageing issue using empirical evidence and theories from the aging discourse
4.Ability to synthesize empirical evidence and theories from the ageing discourse, in order to form coherent arguments
5.Competence in writing properly an essay (including syntax, grammar, spelling, wording
Sample Draft Solution:
Effect of Ageing
Ageing is the inevitable and irreversible process of growing old. Ageing or aging cannot be defined correctly, however, it is widely accepted that it is just a part of an organism or human life cycle in which an individual born, completed his or her childhood, enter the adolescence and at the end of adolescence they grow older and finally die. Ageing is not disease or pathology but it may favor the emergence of various disorders such as poor immunity, allergies, lack of energy and increased or reduced BP, respiration issues, blurred vision, hair loss, depression, stress, and anxiety and bone problems. In this particular essay, I will discuss the case in which a woman in my neighborhood lost her husband recently and facing various issues like loneliness. Further, I will discussabout the personal observation, and about the scientific researches and theories related to ageing and associated issues.
There is a woman living near my home, she is 62 years old and lost his husband 2 months before. Since then she has been living alone on her own and managing things by herself. However, she has two daughters who are living far from her and used to visit her once in a year. I have observed problems she has been facing after the death of her husband. Last Monday I talked to her and discuss the issues she has been dealing with and how she managing the problem at this age. She has also isolated from other neighbors and developed issues like depression and stress. As a neighbor, I have always been interactive with this lady in a polite manner, therefore, she discussed her problems with me She stated that she has facing various issues like facing difficulty to manage daily routine works like cooking, dusting, floor cleaning, walking, and blurred visions. She is an independent woman and wants to manage things on her own; therefore, she does not ask her daughters to help her.
The most common she has developed is loneliness that occurs specifically after the death of her husband. She stated that ‘we were the ideal couple and we both used to manage daily routine works together, and I was happy. His death was unacceptable for me and I still miss him so much”. By listening to her problems and observing the issues she has been facing I can say that her main ageing issue was loneliness. As she stated in her statement that she was really happy with her husband and feeling alone after his death, it can be said that she must be socially isolated and thinking about her husband most of the time. This might contribute to the development of the associated problems. Her growing age does not allow her to do things that were easily done when she was younger. As a neighbor and I am deeply concern about the lady, therefore observing my old neighbor, made me search various literature articles or scientific papers for the detrimental effects of loneliness and find out the how this affects older adults.
There are various studies has been conducted on the effect of loneliness, social isolation on a person’s health and wellbeing. According to a report published in Mylumin (2018), social network absence and loneliness are related to the increased risk of mortality in people aged fifty-two or and older. Meyer and Schuyler (2009) stated that loneliness is common among elderly people but it is also associated with the depression, cognitive decline, poor health status, and reduced problem-solving abilities. They further reported that it loneliness can be diminished by satisfying family relations, companionship and by implementing some purposeful activities. According to Routasalo et al. (2006), people often take loneliness as a shameful thing to discuss with others; therefore, it is that the individuals feel more reluctant to agree about that they feel loneliness. On the other hand, Cohen-Mansfield and Parpura-Gill (2007), believed that loneliness could be described as the negative feeling that contributes to the impairment of quality of life of older adults and cause issues such as depression.
Another study conducted by Routasalo et al. (2008), revealed that loneliness experience among the older adults is definitely or always leads to the impaired or unfavorable quality of life and bad living condition of old people at home. Singh & Misra (2009) conducted a study among fifty-five older adults and found that among all the respondents, 47. 43 % of men were having loneliness issue and on the other hand, nearly 45.75 percent of women had loneliness. About 19 percent males and 22. 6 percent of females developed depression. They further revealed that there is a strong and positive correlation between depression and loneliness. They also revealed that levels of depression increase with an elevation of loneliness among both old male and females.
According to Golden et al. (2009), loneliness and the social network independently impacts mood and the wellbeing of elderly people. In their study on 200 older adults, they found that nearly 35 percent of participants were lonely and 34 percent had the non-integrated social network. They also found that loneliness was higher in women compared to men, specifically in widowed and increased with the age. Wellbeing, hopelessness and depressed mood are all particularly associated with non-integrated network of people and loneliness. The risk of developing depression in widow is higher due to loneliness.
Cacioppo, Hughes, Waite, Hawkley, & Thisted (2006), conducted two different studies among 201 people. In the first study, they found that the elevated levels of loneliness are directly associated with increased levels of depression …