Literature Search Rapid Critical Appraisal and Summary
Literature Search Rapid Critical Appraisal and Summary
For this assignment, you will locate two research studies related to the topic and PICOT questions that you developed in Week 2. The articles must be current (within the last five years), and one article must be quantitative, and one article must be qualitative.
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Article choice is very important, therefore:
- Articles used for this assignment cannot be used for the other assignments. The selected articles should be original research studies. Review articles, concept analysis, meta-analysis, meta-synthesis, integrative review, and systemic review articles should not be used.
- Mixed-methods studies should not be used.
There are two parts to this assignment.
Part 1: Complete a Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist
- Select one each: qualitative and quantitative research articles.
- Create a Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist for the two research articles (one column per article).
- Complete with brief, concise, summarized information.
Part II: Write a summary (one- to two- pages)
- Identify differences between quantitative and qualitative designs and research methods.
- Use current APA Style for your summary paper and to cite your sources.
- Submit the checklist and summary.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
West Coast University
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex neurobehavioral and developmental disorder that results in communication, social, and behaviour challenges (CDC, 2020). Although it is not possible to physically recognize people with ASD, it is through interaction, talking, and learning that one can identify the symptoms. Initially, physicians used to diagnose ASD separately from other conditions such as pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), autistic disorder, and Asperger syndrome (Speaks, 2011). However, they are all included in the diagnosis and are called autism spectrum disorder. Some of the weaknesses depicted by people with autism include the inability to predict behaviour of others regarding their feelings and thoughts. Also, they have executive functions disability: it is not possible to control their behaviour. The patients also lack noticing small details such as parts of an object.
Some interventions can be made to support children and adults with autism. Research shows that early intervention can improve social skills, communication, learning, and brain development process. Therapies have been used for decades as well as applied behaviour analysis. More interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder include occupational and speech therapy (Speaks, 2011). About one in every five children is likely to lose social interests, language ability, and other skills.
ASD starts early in life and affects the social life of a person. Studies show that men are three times more likely than women to suffer from autism (Speaks, 2011). Scientists argue that females have an innate resistance to genetic aspects causing autism. This theory asserts that women can live without the effects of this built-in resistance, but they can pass them to their sons. Since the boys have no protective effects, they might be infected with ASD. Autism is also genetically transferred. Research shows that parents with siblings who have autism are more than three times likely to have ASD children compared to ordinary parents.
The relevance of the Topic to Nursing Practice
Autism research is essential for people affected by ASD and for preventing symptoms. It also helps a nurse to understand the broad scope of neurodevelopmental disorders. For instance, about 30 to 60 per cent of children with ASD are likely to suffer from Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (CDC, 2020). Severe sleep problems are also common for the majority. Also, it familiarizes a medical professional with other medical and mental health disorders. For instance, epilepsy is common for 33% of the population, gastrointestinal disorders, depression, and schizophrenia.
A nurse with ASD knowledge is likely to offer a specialized level of care to people living with autism. The total cost for autism each year is estimated to be $60000 with much of the cost going to particular services. Nurses must take care of patients with self-injurious behaviours such as hitting something, biting arms, headbanging, and more. Most of the patients are unsafe, and a nurse should keep watching them.
1. Are the children born to older parents more likely to be found with autism more than children of younger parents when diagnosed after three years?
2. Are children with autism spectrum disorder more likely to experience maltreatment than children without ASD as shown by the Child Abuse Hotline at the age of 8?
3. Do parents who have relatives with autism increase the risk of having children with autism compared to parents without autism backgrounds by the age of 3?
CDC. (2020). Basics About Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) | NCBDDD | CDC. Retrieved 5 September 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/facts.html
Speaks, A. (2011). What is autism. Retrieved on November, 17, 2011.
Stipulate the Importance of this article to you in your practice. APA Style Reference with link APA Style Reference with link Purpose Statement Problem Statement Setting Setting Sample Size N= Participant Size N= Randomized? Yes No Country / Location Country / Location Date of Study Date of Study Data Collection Data Collection (Survey, Longitudinal, Correlation, Causal
(Observations, Interviews, Notes, a/v recordings, etc.) Data Analysis Data Analysis (descriptive, correlation, regressive, etc.) Type of Coding (Open, Axial Selective) Methodology Methodology (Probability: Simple, Stratified, Cluster, Systematic;
Non-Probability: Convenience, Consecutive, Quota, Snowball, Judgmental)
(Phenomenological, Ethnographic, Grounded Theory, Case Study, Historical, Narrative)
Rapid Critical Appraisal (RCA) Comparisons
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Stipulate the Importance of this article to you in your practice.
Hypothesis / Null Hypothesis
Easy to Find? Yes No
Easy to Find? Yes No [Null]
[If no hypothesis or research question is given, state the research aim, objective or purpose]
Research Questions and Sub Questions Reliability and Validity Independent variable(s) & definition (experimental studies) Research variables (nonexperimental studies) Dependent variables Easy to Find? Yes No
Tools & definition
Findings (Results) Findings (Outcomes) Relevance / Relevance / Significance to Significance to Nursing Nursing Practice Practice Additional Additional Thoughts, Thoughts, Comments, Comments, Contributions Contributions