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Wk4 Quiz Assignment Paper

Wk4 Quiz Assignment Paper

Wk4 Quiz Assignment Paper

Question 1

For which of the following symptoms should an exercising elder stop and contact a physician?

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  irregular heart beat
nausea or vomiting during or after exercise
muscle soreness
all of the above
a and b

 

1 points

 

Question 2

 

Parkinson’s disease is involuntary shaking of the extremities that occurs during movement.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 3

 

Which type of research study is considered the gold standard (best)?

 

  cross-sectional
randomized
blinded series
randomized double blind
systematic double blind

 

1 points

 

Question 4

 

On the average, older Americans are not as healthy, are less educated and have lower incomes than younger adults.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 5

 

Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change of the ear? Wk4 Quiz Assignment Paper

 

  a gradual inability to hear high-pitched sounds
bones break in the middle ear
ear wax accumulates
all of the above are due to age
b and c

 

1 points

 

Question 6

 

About half the elder population subsists on incomes below the poverty level.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 7

 

Which of these characteristics is common among centenarians?

 

  they have elderly family members
they have lower rates of diseases
they live independently, with or without a partner
a and b
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 8

 

Which of the following has been attributed to elders’ decreased caloric needs with age?

 

  decreased metabolic rate
decreased proportion of body fat
decreased physical activity
all of the above
a and c

 

1 points

 

Question 9

 

Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change in the nervous system?

 

  crystallized intelligence declines
neurons accumulate lipofuscin
decline of memory and speed of processing information
reduction of blood flow to the brain
all of the above occur with advanced age

 

1 points

 

Question 10

 

What is a nosocomial infection?

 

  an infection contracted in a hospital
an infection that cannot be cured with antibiotics
an infection that accompanies a chronic condition
an infection that remains dormant for many years
an infection transmitted by sexual contact

 

1 points

 

Question 11

 

Which of the following mental disorders is considered a psychotic disorder?

 

  delirium
obsessive compulsive disorder
schizophrenia
none of the above
more than one of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 12

 

A healthy elder needs up to two quarts of water each day, some of which is obtained from food.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 13

 

The two most commonly reported health conditions reported by elders are:

 

  hypertension and arthritis
heart disease and arthritis
hypertension and cancer
arthritis and diabetes
heart disease and cancer

 

1 points

 

Question 14

 

What factor has the highest influence on longevity?

 

  gender
ethnicity
income
educational level
b and c equally

 

1 points

 

Question 15

 

The most common cause of hospitalization among older adults is:

 

  heart disease
lung disease
diabetes
arthritis
none of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 16

 

Which of the following is false regarding vitamin D?

 

  deficiency causes osteoarthritis
increases the amount of calcium absorbed from the intestines
requirement can be met by sunlight
requirement can be met by supplements
all are true

 

1 points

 

Question 17

 

Senile pruritus” is a fancy name for:

 

  the decrease in peripheral vision that accompanies aging
itching of the skin
incontinence
high blood pressure
the loss of ability to hear high pitched sounds

 

1 points

 

Question 18

 

It is generally agreed that racial differences in life expectancy are due primarily to genetic factors.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 19

 

The most important risk factor for Parkinson’s disease is age.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 20

 

More than 400,000 elders are responsible for raising one or more grandchildren.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 21

 

Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL) measure the ability of older adults to:

 

  live safely in the community
perform more complex activities needed to live independently
manage their chronic illness effectively
perform self-care activities in the home
none of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 22

 

Define perception.

 

  receiving and processing input from the environment that involves the senses as well as emotions within yourself and others
ability of the person to choose what to focus on in the environment
the accumulated data you store throughout your life about what you have experienced and what you know
the ability to draw conclusions and make judgments from information
ability to acquire and apply knowledge accumulated throughout life

 

1 points

 

Question 23

 

What factor has the largest influence on life expectancy?

 

  ethnicity
race
income
gender
all have equal influence

 

1 points

 

Question 24

 

Which of the following diseases has no symptoms in most cases? Wk4 Quiz Assignment Paper

 

  diabetes
congestive heart failure
angina
hypertension
none of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 25

 

Why are elders at a greater risk for illness or death from common infections?

 

  age-associated physiological changes
the prevalence of chronic illnesses
environmental influences
all of the above
a and b

 

1 points

 

Question 26

 

It is hypothesized that females have a genetic advantage that enables them to live longer than males in almost all animal species.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 27

 

Older men and women who live alone have poorer diets than those who live with a spouse.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 28

 

Adult-onset diabetes is characterized by:

 

  loss of receptivity of body cells to insulin
high sugar diet
presence of a genetic defect
decreased insulin production
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 29

 

The greatest barrier to receiving dental care for older people is

 

  hesitancy to visit a dentist
inability to speak English
they are not treated properly
inability to pay

 

1 points

 

Question 30

 

The three leading causes of death among elders, in order of mortality, are:

 

  heart disease, accidents, stroke
cancer, heart disease, accidents
stroke, heart disease, cancer
heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases

 

1 points

 

Question 31

 

Alcohol ingestion can lead to malnutrition by:

 

  diminishing appetite
decreasing absorption of vitamins
increasing need for minerals and vitamins
all of the above
b and c

 

1 points

 

Question 32

 

The life span for humans is:

 

  75-85 years
85-95 years
95-105 years
105-115 years
115-120 years

 

1 points

 

Question 33

 

Which of the following is true regarding elders and sleep?

 

  elders report fewer sleep complaints than middle-aged adults
most elders do not seek medical care for insomnia
sleep patterns change in the later years
all of the above
b and c only

 

1 points

 

Question 34

 

Chronic illness can be difficult to diagnose among elders because they may:

 

  report different symptoms than younger group
may complain of multiple, nonspecific symptoms
have side effects from medication that are misinterpreted as another condition
symptoms of chronic illness may be incorrectly attributed to normal age changes
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 35

 

Native Americans receive all the health care they need from the tribal reservations.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

Question 36

 

The biggest nutritional health problem in the United States is associated with:

 

  vitamin deficiencies
mineral deficiencies
lack of fiber
obesity
lack of protein

 

1 points

 

Question 37

 

Why is diagnosis of an infection more difficult in elders than other age groups?

 

  important warning signs such as a fever may be atypical or absent
nonspecific symptoms such as confusion or fatigue accompany an infection
warning signs are misinterpreted as an association to age-related decline
elders often do not report warning signs to their physicians
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 38

 

Demography is the study of:

 

  race and ethnicity in the elderly population
the size, geographical distribution and vital statistics of a particular group
the relationship between minority groups and the level of care they receive
the geographical distribution of a particular group
none of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 39

 

“Miscarried helping” refers to:

 

  support that is excessive, untimely or inappropriate
when caregivers are overburdened by responsibilities and unable to help
the “sick role” behavior of older adults
the need for caregiving by older adults with chronic illness
assistance provided by elders to those who have lost a baby

 

1 points

 

Question 40

 

Life expectancy

 

  varies among cultures
is about 115-120 years
continues to increase in the U.S.
a and c
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 41

 

Which of the following factors is the most important in culturally competent care?

 

  the decoration of the building
the cultural background of the staff hired matches the population you want to serve
Placing signs in the native language
Setting up systems addressing the needs and preferences of the clientele

 

1 points

 

Question 42

 

Why are elders more susceptible to accidents than other age groups?

 

  reduced vision and hearing
other chronic and acute conditions
medications prescribed
poor gait
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 43

 

What accounts for the largest proportion of death and disability among elders?

 

  chronic illnesses
acute illness
accidents
suicides
cancer

 

1 points

 

Question 44

 

Which of the following cognitive traits decline with age?

 

  memory loss of recent events
ability to reason
ability to solve problems
all of the above
a and b

 

1 points

 

Question 45

 

Why is the older population expanding?

 

  more people are surviving to old age while the birth rate is relatively constant
the baby boomers are “coming of age”
life expectancy and birth rates of ethnic minorities are increasing
two of the above
all of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 46

 

Dysphagia is difficulty in:

 

  losing weight
swallowing
gaining weight
digesting food
none of the above

 

1 points

 

Question 47

 

Which of the following are age-associated changes of the eye?

 

  inability of eye to focus on distant objects
decreased speed of adaptation to darkness
clouding and yellowing of the lens
all of the above
b and c

 

1 points

 

Question 48

 

The four largest groups of minority elders are:

 

  Asian Americans, Alaskan Natives, Mexican Americans, and blacks Hispanic Americans.
African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Asian Pacific Islanders.
Hispanic Americans, Asian Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Middle Eastern Americans
African Americans, Southeast Asian Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans.

 

1 points

 

Question 49

 

The strongest risk factor for dementia is:

 

  age
gender
chromosomal abnormality
race
intelligence

 

1 points

 

Question 50

 

The “zip code effect” explains why life in the rural areas is healthier than in the urban ones. Wk4 Quiz Assignment Paper

 

True

 

False

 

1 points

 

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